Thefirst problem in Russian police corruption is predatory policing which is whenan officer uses his or her own authority to advance their own materialsinterest rather then fight crime to protect. This type of corruption has causethe public to not trust the police or any other legal institution. Looking atthis we can conclude that there has been no clear model or guide for theRussian police to follow. The police in Russia would rater protect themselvesthen the public. There have been many cases where crimes have never been solvedincluding murders (Gerber & Mendelson, 2008). Police are rude and cruel andvery indifferent to the needs of the people. There have been many cases ofmisconduct from Russia officers that doubt their ability to protect. Since thepolice won’t protect the people whom can they turn to when they really need help?This is especially hard for the lower class population of Russia because mostof time there ignored and abused because of their status.
Most of the men thatjoin the police force are uneducated and uncultured. They join the police forceto try to assert themselves and have power. This is becoming a huge problembecause who is accepting people that don’t have a background in the policeforce and what is there real purpose. Another factor that hascaused a lot of corruption in policing is bribes which means to persuade or toact in ones favor this also includes illegally by gift of money or otherinducement. Police demand bribes for minor infractions or shake down citizensfor cash ( Feifer 2003). One example was a woman who the police refused toprotect her and her family from a harasser because she didn’t give them a bribe(Gerber & Mendelson, 2008).
High-level MVD officials have been implicatedin investigations of organized crime activities, and there are numerous reportsof police involvement in protection and extortion rackets (Oleinik, 2003).Which also includes the Russian mafia. Some of these organize crime from themafia are seen as usually buying off a traffic cop job and offering money andthey won’t disclose there location. This helps the Russian mafia buy sectors ofthe law enforcement so it won’t cause them trouble in the future. Russianpolice do engage in actions that protect the interests of elites and suppressminorities: they harass ethnic minorities, police political protests, and investigatepolitical opposition `groups (Feifer, 2003)In a focus group done by Theodore Gerber and Sarah Mendleson they asked Russianparticipants if they had confidence in the police (Gerber & Mendelson,2008).
Most of them had negative things to say about the police force. Oneperson said that they had never seen an other branch violate as many humanrights as the militia. Some of the participant had witness a man getting beatup until there were puddles of blood.
The sad part about this is that most ofthese violate action happen and in the end the people they beat up are left ata hospital and most doctors that will witness this abuse will pretend thatnothing bad happen and give the Russian Police force positive remarks. Theseexamples show bad sides with police corruption but there are a good few men onthe force it just rare to find. Most of these bribery’s that are conducted aren’t because all police in Russiaare evil. They solely do it to survive most police are underpaid. For themcommitting crimes is just a way of living and they see it as the norm. AlekseiDymovsky was a former policeman for Russia who admitted on YouTube how policeaccept bribes and commite other crimes, and how the government is doing nothingreducing this corruption (Levy, 2010). The video of a former police officer inRussia acknowledged that corruption does exist and how most of the time theyare payoff. He also mention how most of the upper level police and chief live alife in luxury.
After releasing this video Mr. Dymosvsky was fired andintegrated. Soon Russian police investigated his home and planted drugs andaccused him of fraud and was sent to jail and abused.
All this man wanted wasto shed some light to what really goes on in the Russia. In the end he waspunished for expressing his freedom and committing no crime. In March 1,2011 then presidentDmitry Medvedev passed the Russian police reform amendment to help improve theRussian police force of corruption and improve its public image. First, it hada name changed from milsitya to a more universal name of polisiaya (police.) Italso cut 20% of law enforcement and increased wage. This also includesintensive screening and more background information for new candidates It alsomade the Russian police a more federal-level intuition so they where able toget a federal budget. (Bigg, 2011) This also include creating a new interactingwebsite where Russian citizen can rate, comment and ask question about therelocal police.
Last, the new law stated that detainees had a right to make acall and also receive a lawyer and translator the moment there detained. Afterthe reform took place a poll held by the state had mix review 52 % trusted thepolice, but a independent study done by Levada Center said 6% thought the forceimprove while 75% saw no change (Bigg, 2011).It might take more years to fix the corruption of Russia but from I can tellthey’re trying to improve their image as police. The only thing is time willtell what these changes will bring especially with what going on currently withRussia and the Ukraine will this make the situation worse or help establish ahonest police force.
References Bigg, C. (2011, February 2011). Russian police force to change its name, butnot its ways. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved fromhttp://www.rferl.org/content/russia_police_change_name_not_ways/2323.
htmlFeifer, G. (2003, November ). Russia: Police corruption chokes progress.
Russia: Police Corruption Chokes Progress. Radio Free Europe/Radio LibertyRetrieved from http://www.rferl.org/features/2003/02/19022003164607Gerber, T. P.
, & Mendelson, S. E. (2008). Public experiences of policeviolence and corruption in contemporary russia: A case of predatory policing?.
Law and Society Review, 42(1), 1-43.Levy, C. (2010, July 27). Videos rouse Russian anger toward police. The NewYork Times. Retrieved from Videos Rouse Russian Anger Toward PoliceMarenin, O. (1997). Policing soviet society: The evolution of state control.
Contemporary Sociology, 26(3), 332-343.Oleinik, A. N. (2003). Organized crime, prison & post-soviet societies. (1ed.
, p. 307). Aldershot, England : Ashgate