The rate for convicted sexual offenders is believed

The use of sex offender treatments
programmes have developed and expanded immensely over the recent decades. A sex
offender treatment programmes are becoming a fundamental part of countries’
criminal justice system. Within the United Kingdom, all offenders who are
sentenced for a sexual offence are assessed for their ability to complete an
intervention that they are most suitable for them (Brown,
2010). Prior to this, offenders should receive interventions according
to their levels of risk, should receive interventions that address their criminogenic
needs and interventions that meet their specific characteristics, such as intellectual
functioning (Andrews et al. 1990). The management of sex offenders within the criminal
justice system can have a significant impact on the offender’s risk of
recidivism (Hanson and Thornton, 2000). Most
convicted sex offenders are eventually released back into the community
settings under parole supervision or probation (Centre
for Sex Offenders Management, 2000). Once released into the community,
the average sexual recidivism rate for convicted sexual offenders is believed
to be between 10% and 15% over 5 years (Hanson &
Morton-Bourgon, 2005). The majority of sex offender treatment programmes
within the United States of America and Canada currently use a combination of
cognitive behavioural treatment programmes (CBT) and ____________  (Centre for Sex
Offender Management, 2000)

Cognitive-behavioural therapy

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behavioural therapy is based on a cognitive model that posits that distorted
and dysfunctional thinking is a common symptom of all psychological problems
and illnesses and that these distorted thoughts influence a person’s mood and
behaviours (Becks, 1995). One of the main reasons into why cognitive
behavioural therapy is used with sexual offenders is to reduce sexual
recidivism (Marshall , Anderson,
& Fernandez, 1995).

Brown (2005) gave a detailed review
on the development of cognitive behavioural programmes for sex offenders. Brown
found that traditional behavioural programmes, such as aversion therapy, were
designed to reduce deviant sexual arousal. 


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