The Role of Government in Policy-Making
The overall task of any legislative branch is the creation of state laws. As a government tool, the legislative branch comprises of different departments, which serve the purposes of gathering information required to analyze bills with regard to the capability of solving social problems. The task of legislative bodies is therefore to create solutions for social problems, design public policy programs as well as convince the legislator to sign relevant bills. In addition, problem analysis is also necessitated in legislative proposals to assess the functionality of the laws in addressing social issues before bill implementation is achieved. Legislative bodies also have to appraise the suitability or constitutionality of bills once they have been passed. Note that, legislative tasks vary from one level to another but a common goal is noted in ensuring that laws are well enacted and executed in order to reduce social problems within the community level.
The judiciary branch evidences a significant role in influencing public policies through court cases. The judicial branch exercises great power in organizing social programs by eliminating or instituting various programs under certain conditions. The judicial branch also restricts or expands governmental powers in order to make them consistent with court decisions, government principles as well as basic constitutional rights of citizens (Allyn 35). Public policies are those actions taken by government officials in responding to issues raised through the political system. A single court case can lead to a prominent change in public policy. Thus, the role of judiciary is to ensure that laws instituted by the governmental legislative branch are well practiced as well maintained in upholding justice. The policies are designed, voted, signed and then enacted by the federal legislature or the chief executive. The Congress considers all judicial determinations when developing new public policies.
The United Nations is a humanitarian organization, which comprises of diverse branches tackling majority of social problems within a global setting. The UN organization is composed of diverse organizations such as Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United, Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and many others. Poverty is one of the major global social problems and it is worsening in every successive period. Poverty is contributed by unemployment and it is more concentrated in urban areas. This is due to rural urban migration in search for employment thus contributing to development of slums with associated problems such as high crime rates, increased hunger due to inadequate food and pollution of environment (Cohen 96). Despite the fact that UN organizations are trying to tackle poverty issues, the number of poverty is increasing exponentially every year. There are problems of food shortage, housing problems, poor education system especially in public schools and pollution from industries.
. In addition, the aforementioned laws influence an organization’s decision-making and its routine operations by obliging the UNESCO in widening and implementing rules that focus on poverty issues. UNESCO is an organization, which tries to eliminate extreme poverty, hunger and other social problems associated with poverty in the global context. It acts as one of the governmental agencies of the United States whose purpose is to promote peace, provide security and ensure that better educational programs are provided in public school. FAO, which is another UN organization agency, seeks to eliminate hunger through providing food aid to areas affected by famine. All the UN organization aim to eradicate poverty and other related social problems in order to further universal respect for the rule of law. The principle roles of UNESCO involve the creation and enforcing of policies, which have to bear congruence with laws passed by the Congress. Nevertheless, the UNESCO’S mandate’s is to reduce poverty, promote cultural diversity as well ensure sustainable development is maintained globally. They address emerging social problems through ensuring laws and regulations are well followed by the public.
Judicial decisions that have influenced the operations of the UNESCO have been determined by the opinions made from International Courts and Tribunals acting in alignment to the International agreed development goals. The judicial decisions carry much weight as noted in subsequent law decisions and legal analysts are relatively influential towards the advancement of the same legislation. The broad goals as well as concrete objectives, which underpin the strategies and objectives of UNESCO aim to achieve the millennium development goals (Kraft and Sheldon 101). Thus, the judicial system is lawfully responsible for handling reviews, in both administrative decisions as well as legislative enactments of several agencies like the UNESCO in dealing with poverty issues and promoting peace. In this way, the court system bears a crucial role in shaping policies that affect the UNESCO. Note that, some laws evidence some informal control towards the UNESCO.
In conclusion, the UNESCO is responsible for poverty reduction and it is the most powerful organization in the US handling security, poverty reduction and ensuring better education services are equitably distributed in public schools. The court system offers supremacy that protects the UNESCO from any type of abuse. The agency implements activities and fund projects that aims in reducing social problems in the global context. Thus, this agency encompasses increasing amounts of tasks and power in maintaining security and poverty reduction safeguarding in a global setting with contraventions to the given UNESCO policies.
Chambers, Donald, and Kenneth Wedel. Social Policy and Social Programs: A Method for the Practical Public Policy Analyst. New York: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson, 2005. Print.
Cohen, Steven. Understanding Environmental Policy. New York: Columbia University
Press, 2006. Print.
Kraft, Michael, and Sheldon Kamieniecki. Business and Environmental Policy: Corporate
Interests in the American Political System. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007. Print.