The Roman Empire

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Last updated: May 8, 2019

Consuls
Chief magistrates of the ancient Roman Republic; now an official appointed by his government to live in a foreign city.

Patrician
Person of noble birth; aristocrat

Plebeian
Having to do with common people

Tribunes
Officials of ancient Rome, now any government official appointed to defend people and their rights.

Aqueduct
A artificial channel or large pipe for transporting water over long distances.

Anarchy
Disorder and confusion. Absence of government and law.

Mercenary
A soldier that serves in a foreign army for pay

Abbot
A monk who is chosen as head of a monastery

Arianism
Heresy named after Arius, a Greek priest who taught that Christ was not eternally God with the Father.

Diocese
Originally, a Roman district. In the middle ages, a district ruled by a bishop.

Heretic
A person who holds beliefs contrary to church doctrines

Hermit
A person that goes away from other people, and lives alone, often for religious reasons.

Metropolitan
Archbishop who presides over a church province

Patriarch
Highest ranking bishop in the Eastern or early Roman Catholic Church.

Regular clergy
Monks or religious men who followed a rule and took vows.

Secular clergy
Priests, bishops, and other church officials who were not bound by either a rule or by vows.

See
District under bishop’s authority

The three historical divisions of the Roman history are:
Empire, Pre-Republic, and Republic

Two brothers who, according to legend, are responsible for the founding of Rome were:
Romulus and Remus

The lifestyle of ancient Romans centered around the:
family

Romans practiced __________, meaning that a man married only one woman.

monogamy

The Twelve Tables were a written set of:
Laws

The number of Punic Wars was:
three

Rome’s adversary in the Punic Wars was:
Cartage

Latifundia were:
large estates

Before he became dictator of Rome, Julius Caesar was a famous:
soldier

Caesar was killed because of his belief in:
perpetual dictatorship

Rome borrowed much of its architecture from:
Greece

Circuses and bloody games were held in the Roman:
Colosseum

The work of the Senate was held in the ___________ in Rome.
Forum

Romans learned to carry huge amounts of water by building:
aqueducts

What two men ruled Rome after Julius Caesar’s death?
Octavian and Mark Antony

Mark Antony married Cleopatra, who was the queen of:
Egypt

At the height of trade in the empire, materials were imported from:
China and India

Pax Romana refers to an extraordinary ___________ years of peace for Rome.
200

____________ murderer; accused of setting fire to Rome._________ insane_________ defeated Antony and Cleopatra_________ scholar, philosopher, and soldier_________ built a defensive wall in Britain
NeroCaligulaOctavianMarcus AureliusHadrian

Why was Nero so famous?
He murdered many peopleHe was accused of burning Rome in A.D. 64He persecuted Christians

Three conditions which led to a decline in the empire after A.D. 180 were:
leadership dispute, decline in trade hurt the economy, and mercenaries hired

Literature in Rome declined after the death of the emperor:
Augustus

The original basis of most legal systems today is Roman law.

True

Mercenaries are soldiers who fight for:
money

French, Italian, and Spanish languages and many English words are based upon the _________ language.
Latin

Diocletian tried to restore the economy with:
taxation and price controls

The most significant event of the Roman period was the birth, life, and death of Jesus Christ.
False

Not much has been written about the boyhood of Jesus.

True

Jesus was betrayed by Judas Iscariot, one of his own disciples.
True

Jesus was crucified by the Roman officials against the will of the people themselves.
False

Saul was an enthusiastic Christian from the beginning of his life; and his faith never wavered.
False

Paul took the gospel as far as Greece and Rome.
True

The gospel is a true account of historical events.
True

Inadequate trade routes and poor highway systems made it difficult for early Christians to spread the gospel.
False

Rome’s attitude toward Christians up to the time of Nero was:
tolerance

After the Nicene Creed, people began to believe that Jesus was the son of God.

True

_____________ A.D. 313_____________ St.

Jerome_____________ heresy denying Christ’s divinity_____________ father of Christian monasticism_____________ accused Christians of burning Rome

Edict of Milanthe VulgateArianism Anthony of EgyptNero

The decline of the Roman Empire contributed to the expansion of Christianity.
True

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