To a certain extent I do believe the USSR were to blame for the Cold War , and really this was through no fault of there own. The main reason why the Cold War was started was because of other countries views on the USSR and what the USSR planned to do with Nazi Germany , which they decided upon because of there huge losses in both Wars and the possibility of invasion once again. The USA and USSR were enemies despite the fact that they had fought alongside each other during WWII because of their very different views on how a country should be run.
The USA was a capitalist country where business owners could keep the money that made, the people of the nation had a choice and freedom of speech and elections would have more that one political party competing. The USSR was a communist country where the wealth of the country was shared out equally, businesses would have no competition, as there would only be one company for each product and election would only have one political party. However Communism had a huge main flaw and it was that for everyone to be ‘equal’ they obviously should have the same amount of ‘power’ within the country and wealth.
This was not the case as the politicians were rich and had more power than everyone else. So were not equal. Amongst these differences they , also had different aims as well , as to what to do with Germany after the WWII. The distrust bettween the USA and USSR emerged very early on, during WWII when the USSR signed the nazi-soviet pact with Germany. This pact stated that no offensive action would be taken between the two sides. The USSR was convinced that it was a neccassery decision as without it Hitler probably would have taken Russia.
The soviets slowly created a ‘buffer zone’ between Russia and Great Britain by coverting Western European countries to communism using what they called salami tactics . They saw this simply as a defence mechanism. The soviets saw churchill’s iron curtain speech as a decleration of war on the USSR. He reffered to Russia’s buffer zone as an iron curtain that had decended on Europe. This acknowledged the fact that the buffer zone was dividing Europe in two and slowly creating tension bettween the two sides.
To prevent the soviet’s advance across Europe the president of the USA, Truman proposed the truman doctrine that pormised aid to any country threatened by communism. The USSR saw this as the USA trying to puch back the frontiers of communism. The Truman doctrine led to the distribution of aid to western Europe. This was called Marshall aid. The USSR saw this as the USA giving money to Europe but selfishly helping their own economy by administrating American goods. When Germany and Berlin were separated into 4 zone Stalin decided that his zone would be a communist area.
This led to the forming of bi-zonia and eventually tri-zonia which consisted of the USA, Great Britain and France combining their zones. Stalin had blocked road, rail and canals into Eastern Berlin to prevent the growth in economy. The USSR saw this as a justified act as Russia had taken heavy blows during WWII and this was a suitable punishment and it would also stop a new and reformed Germany fighting back against Russia. It’s no surprise that the USA had different views on the events that happened.
Unlike the USSR America saw the Nazi-soviet pact as further proof that Stalin can not be trusted and he only signed the pact so that he could take control of Eastern Poland. Salami tactics were seen as a violent military act in which political leaders were killed so that free elections could take place and communism reigned over Europe. While the USSR saw the ‘Iron Curtain Speech’ as a declaration of war, the USA saw it as a statement of fact. The Truman doctrine was seen as containment (stopping the expansion of the soviet control over Eastern Europe).
Marshal aid was simply a way of stopping communism spreading towards the west and the Berlin blockade was an attempt by Stalin to conquer East Berlin. In conclusion I do not think that Soviet Russia were entirely to blame for the cold war as there is always two sides to every story and without them there can be no argument or war. I feel that the USA’s actions were simply to harsh and they abused the power that they had. Also , by keeping the ‘atom bomb’ a secret and then using it against Japan , without telling Russia that they even had the technology was a big contributor to the start of the Cold War