Thefirst work that that I am going to discuss is on Beethoven’s Piano Sonata, op.
109. Beethoven has contributed tremendously in the genre of piano sonatas, andthis particular sonata is composed during the late period of his life. Thisparticular sonata reinvents the traditional sonata form, especially through theintroduction of a theme in the third movement which was followed by a set ofvariations. The sonatas prior to Beethoven’s erawould usually follow a fast-slow-fast tempo in the three different movements; whichBeethoven totally broke the convention by using differing tempi markings at thevery first movement of the Op. 109 Sonata. The sections with different tempopossess distinct and contrasting character and mood, which creates a sense ofuncertainty on where the direction of the music is going. However, all the contrastingmusical ideas were nicely developed through the transitions and were tiedtogether nicely at the end of the first movement. Beethoven’s late period sonatasalso does not strictly follow the sonata form: exposition, development, transitionand recapitulation.
This would differ greatly from Mozart’s sonatas. Beethovenwas known for the use of motivic ideas and another style that Beethovenincorporated into his late period sonatas is the usage of Baroque polyphonicwriting. In my opinion, Beethoven’s piano sonatas greatlyportray the development of his compositional style. The piano sonatas thatBeethoven written was crucial in music history as the whole the genre of pianosonatas was elevated and could be held as equal with other genres such assymphonies.
Mozart and Haydn wrote many piano sonatas as well, but bothcomposers wrote symphonies which they are also famously known for. It wasBeethoven that developed the genre of piano sonata into such great importancein music history. The next work I am going todiscuss would be on Ravel’s Gaspard de la nuit. This genre of composition is asuite, which consists of three movements. Each movement has their own titles andare derived from poems; which paints a specific story or character. Ravel’s compositionsare often described as an impressionist style; as his pieces portray differentcolours like in a painting.
The genre of the suite can betraced back to Bach and Handel’s era. The suites composed in the 17thcentury and 18th century are often linked to a collection ofmovements that are dance-like. It would have movements that are fixed such asthe sarabande, gigue, allemande and the courante. There are also additionaloptional dances that are incorporated such as bourree, minuet and etc. Moreoften, the movements are related to each other. The genre of suite during the 17th century is very differentthan Ravel’s idea of