Type: Critical Essays
Sample donated: Kate Conner
Last updated: July 27, 2019
Thestudent publication is the voice of the students. Campus journalism, then,plays important role in the school community, as well as in the academe. Itteaches the students to be more responsible members of the society. Thus,students must balance his/her extracurricular and academic.Journalismis one of the extracurricular that the school had. Extracurricularparticipation acts as an agent of resilience by providing students with newenvironments for self-discovery, it’s an opening up opportunities forachievement, and allowing them to assume meaningful roles in their schoolcommunities (Lewis, 2004).
Moreover, he argued that it enhances students’self-esteem and self-efficacy and motivates them to work towards academic goalsand social relations. This results in a stronger sense of school belonging,which can motivate students to work towards academic goals.Chambersand Schreiber (2004) have categorized extracurricular activities. First asin-school/out-of-school, then as organized/unorganized andacademic/non-academic.
For the reason that these extensive classifications arebelieved by some that different types of activities influence studentsdifferently had received higher grades than those not involved in activities.While (Braktus, et. Al.,2012), defined extracurricular activities as “academicor nonacademic activities that are conducted under the auspices of the schoolbut occur outside of normal classroom time and are not part of the curriculum.They also stated that extracurricular activities do not involve a grade oracademic credit and participation is optional on the part of the student.
Schoolbased activities such as journalism, when compared to non-school-relatedactivities, have been found to have a stronger effect regarding to improvedacademic achievement. While non-academic activities such as sports, scouting,and social groups support the development of certain social characteristics,while academic activities like math or science club positively affect academicperformance (Gerber, 1996). The government implemented theRepublic Act no. 7079 or also known as Campus Journalism Act of 1991, andaccording to section7, Security of Tenure; “amember of the publication staff must maintain his or her status as student inorder to retain membership in the publication staff. A student shall not beexpelled or suspended solely on the basis of articles he or she has written, oron the basis of the performance of his or her duties in the studentpublication”. Therefore, the member should take the responsibility not just tohis/her role as the campus journalist but also to academic achievement. Studentjournalists are important element in school as events and informationdissemination. They are key to relay the concerns and issues inside the schoolcampus.
According to De Burgh (2003), journalism should be regarded as aserious academic discipline and not simply a vocational training. Campusjournalism functions as means to strengthen the ethical values and encouragethe creative and critical thinking to the students. It also functions to helpin the development of personal discipline and moral character. Like otheracademic activities, journalistic activities have been found to have positiveeffects on student academic performance.
During the survey ofDvorak (1990), the result shows that senior high school and college freshmanwho participated in school newspaper and other journalism activities had higherGPAs, made fewer errors and scored higher on all measures of informationpresentation and selection judgment. Moreover, Dvorak (1998) study revealedthat journalism and mass communication students, regardless of year, performedbetter in the humanistic part of their high school curriculum than in math andscience. Another study by (Dvorak, et., al.
1994) also found out that studentswho are involved in campus journalism had higher writing scores on the ACTEnglish Assessment than students that were not involved in such activities. Journalismactivities positively affect students to academic activities. Effects have beenfound to last into college and influence career decisions. High school isconsidered by many to be the best place to generate interest in journalism as acareer and to turn into lifelong newspaper readers, according to Castaneda(2001).
Dvorak (1990) found that students who participated in a journalismactivity were 10 times as likely to choose a journalism/communications major incollege and pursue it as a career as other students. Results from the 1997American Society of Newspaper Editors study found that 25% of journalistsinterviewed decided on their career while they were in high school (Butler,2006).The survey of Becker, Wilcox, and Vlad (2009) in the year20017 reveals that students of job market who were members of campus journalismreceived an A grade in science, mathematics, and English subject. This proofthat campus journalism has positive effect to academic achievement of thestudent. Yet,Holland and Andre (1987) perspective considers extracurricular activities aspurely leisure and not part of the purpose of schools. The developmentalperspective considers extracurricular activities necessary to the totaldevelopment of the student in today’s schools.
Educators who believe in theacademic perspective argue that time spent away from the classroom decreasesthe student’s chances for success. Even those activities that don’t requireloss of classroom time are perceived to take away study time activities.Extracurricularand after school activities serve many purposes depending on the age group andinterests of the student as well as availability at school or in the community(Eide & Ronan, (2001). The generation nowadays were much different from thepast generations. It maybe the effect of the growing market of technology thatthe millennials adapt as they grow.
Among most traditional classifications, journalism isconsidered an elective, non-essential additive to anEnglish program. However, English educators across the nation have begun toimplement journalism programs in order to help students better grasp both thereading and writing of non-fiction literature (Lawritson,2006). Additionally, journalism gives students a familiarity and fluencyin writing, which can be applied in almost every aspect of a student’sscholastic career.In view ofthe above situation, the researcher was motivated to undertake a furthermorestudy on the extent influence of campus journalism to the academic achievementin students of Impasugong National High School, Impasugong I District, Divisionof Bukidnon during the school year 2017-2018.