The story began in 1200 B.C. The beginning of the chapter talked about geography where the bible was born in the eastern coast of Mediterranean sea. Nowadays it can be say the continent of Asia and Africa.
It also talked about the weather of the regions which is humid and hot, the numerous people of the regions who were Canannites, Hittites, Amorites, Petrizzites, Hivites, Girgashites, Jebusites and Philistines. The dominant religion was Pagan, a nature worship, not idol worship. The Hebrew language was spoken by Israel and others were the Semiti family of languages.The land of Israel were dominated with paganism.
The Israeli has twelve tribes with their own territories and their own leaders. A thirteenth tribe of Levi, which was known as the priestly group who has no territory and they lived in other tribes territories. Basically, the priests who served at religious or judges who involved in legal and military were the the people who has authority.
The other kind of leader was the prophet who was a person who speak for God to perform a special task with regard to the people. The work of prophet might be to encourage or to criticize, in the land of politics, ethics or ritual. The prophet would deliver God’s truth to others in poetry or/and prose. The people of Israel wanted a king and Samuel anointed the first king of Israel who was King Saul.
King Saul lost the support of Samuel, as he started to step over the boundary of his power as king. Samuel planned to nominate another king, David from the tribe of Judah. David was described as a major character in the Hebrew bible, the only one who be comparable to the level of Moses in impact. It also described the extraordinary life both personal life and political life of David, and finally the author describes him as the longest lasting ruling families of any country in the history of the world.
According to Friedman, King Saul saw David as a threat to his throne so they became competitors. King Saul destroyed all the priest of Shiloh except one who escaped because they supported David. The kingdom was divided into two after the death of King Saul. The northern part was ruled by his son Ishbaal and the southern part was ruled by David.
After Ishbaal was assassinated, David then took back the whole country. During David’s dynasty, he appointed two chief priests, one from the north and the other from the south, to help unify the country. The northern priest was Abiathar who was the one priest who had ran away Saul’s massacre of the priests of Shiloh. The southern priest was Zadok, who came from Judah, the city of of Hebron. The priests of Shiloh believed to be the offsprings of Moses and while the priests of Hebron believed to be the offsprings of Aaron.
Adonijah, the oldest son of David had the support of northern priest Abiathar, possibly the descendant of Moses and Solomon, the son of David’s wife Bathsheba had the support of southern priest Zadok, possibly the descendant of Aaron. After the death of King David, Solomon won the throne and became a king. After the death of Solomon, the north separated from the south and left the country into two, Israel and Judah. Israel, the north was ruled by Jeroboam and Judah, the south was ruled by Rehoboam.
These two kingdoms shared the same religion with their own view.