Type: Research Essays
Sample donated: Byron Christensen
Last updated: August 19, 2019
Theories of Emotion1. People can practicephysiological motivation without experience emotion, such as when they havebeen in a row. (The race heart in this case is not an suggestion of fear.)2. Physiologicalreactions happen too slowly to cause experiences of emotion, which occur veryquickly. For example, when someone is in a shady path only, a rapid soundusually provokes an direct experience of fright, while the physical “symptoms”of fright generally track that sensation.3. People can experiencevery different emotions even when they have the same example of physiologicalstimulation.
For example, a person may have a racing heart and fast inhalation togetherwhen he is heated and when he is frightened.Cannon planned hisown theory of emotion in the 1920s, which was extensive by anotherphysiologist, Philip Bard,in the 1930s. The resulting Cannon-Bardtheory states that the experience of emotion happens at the equaltime that physiological stimulationhappens.
Neither one causes the further. The brain gets a communication thatcauses the experience of emotion at the same time that the autonomic nervous systemgets a message that causes physiological stimulation. Cognitive AppraisalThe psychologist RichardLazarus’s research has shown that people’s experience of emotion dependson the way they review or evaluate the events approximately them.Example: If Tracy is driving on a windy road by the edgingof a tall precipice, she may be worried about the danger of the path. Her customer,on the other hand, thinks about the loveliness of the vision.
Tracy will perhapssense startled, while her traveler may sense ecstatic.1 Theories of EmotionEmotion is a multipart, subjective experience accompanyby life and behavioral change. Emotion involve sensation, idea, opening of thenervous system, physiological changes, and behavioral changes such as facial words.Different theories exist about how and whypeople experience emotion.
These take in evolutionary theories, the James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, Schechter andSinger’s two-factor theory, and cognitive assessment.Evolutionary TheoriesMore than a century ago, in the 1870s, Charles Darwin planned thatemotions evolve because they have adaptive value. For example, fright evolvebecause it helped people to act in ways that enhanced their chances ofsurvival.
Darwin believed that facial expressions of emotion are inborn(hard-wired). He pointed out that facial expressions agree to people to rapidlyreferee someone’s hostility or kindliness and to converse intention to others.modern evolutionary theories of emotion also consider emotions tobe native responses to stimuli. Evolutionary theorists have a propensity to downplaythe influence of over all and knowledge on emotion, although they acknowledgethat both can have an effect.
Evolutionary theorists believe that all individualcultures divide some primary emotions, including happiness, dislike, blow, aversion,anger, fright, and sorrow. They believe that all other emotions result from blendand different intensities of these primary emotions. For example, terror is amore strong form of the primary emotion of fright.The James-Lange TheoryIn the 1880s, two theorists, psychologist William James andphysiologist Carl Lange,independently planned an plan that challenge commonsensical viewpoint aboutemotion. This idea, which came to be known as the James-Lange theory, is that people experienceemotion because they identify their bodies’ physiological responses to outside procedures.According to this theory, people don’t weep because they sense sad. Fairly peoplesense upside because they weep, and, likewise, they feel happy because theysmile. This theory suggests that different physiological states communicate todifferent experiences of emotion.The Cannon-Bard TheoryThe physiologist Walter Cannon disagreed withthe James-Lange theory, posing three main arguments against it: