Type: Controversial Essays
Sample donated: Hugh Poole
Last updated: August 21, 2019
There is two side to every story, two side to every coin, and two sides to every controversial opinion.
Presently, one of the most talked about, and debated topic is the one about abortion. Abortion is the intentional termination of a pregnancy or the removal of a fetus/embryo before it can survive outside the uterus. There are two types of abortion, the spontaneous Abortion which is also referred to as a miscarriage, and induced abortion which is an intentional removal of a fetus. In 2014 abortion were performed in the United States; the abortion rate was 14.6 abortion per 1000 women aged 15- 44 years. Meaning in that year 1.5 percent of women of reproductive age had an abortion Ziegler Mary pg 223.
The issue of abortion right has become an opinionated controversial topic,because some people belive it ok to get an abortion (pro choice), while others disagrees with abortion (pro life). Pro choice advocators see the life that already exists and worry not about the life that doesn’t yet. This isn’t to say that they don’t care about the embryo/fetus they simply believe it is a woman’s choice if they want the responsibility of a baby. According to NARAL pro choice America ” Reproductive rights are human rights.” meaning that as a human they have the right to do with their body as they please. While on a website that lists the Pros and Cons of abortion.
I found that the US Supreme Court has declared abortion to be a “fundamental right” guaranteed by the US Constitution.The abortion case Roe v. Wade, decided on Jan. 22, 1973 in favor of abortion rights, the court made it clear that due to the fourteenth amendment a woman has “Fundamental rights.
” meaning that a woman choice to get an abortion is private. Also there are many indicators that the fetus cannot feel pain. According to a 2010 review by Britain’s Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologistsprocon, most neuroscientists believe that the cortex is necessary for pain perception.
The cortex does not become functional until at least the 26th week of a fetus’ development, long after most abortions are performed. This finding was endorsed in 2012 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, procon which stated that there is no legitimate scientific information that supports the statement that a fetus experiences pain. In 2005 University of California at San Francisco study states the fetus probably can not feel pain until the 29th or 30th week of gestation. This is to say that the flinching that happens is nothing more than pure reflex procon.
Pro life people tend to see things from a different point of view. They have popularized claims that abortion harms rather than helping the woman Ziegler mary pg 232. They also see it as dangerous both for the mother and the child. Even safe abortion in developing nations carries risk that depends on the health facility, the skill of the provider, and the gestational age of the fetus Pmc.
Every year worldwide, about 42 million women with unintended pregnancies choose abortion, and nearly half of these procedures are unsafe. 68,000 women die of unsafe abortion annually, making it one of the leading causes of maternal mortality Ncbi. 13 percent Of the women who survive unsafe abortion, will suffer long-term health complications. Unsafe abortion is thus a pressing issue so, the illegal abortions continue to be alarming Ncbi.
Pro life advocates also believes life starts at conception, so unborn babies are human beings with the right to life. Unborn are considered human by the United State government. The federal unborn Victims of Violence Act, which is was enacted “to protect unborn children from assault and murder” states that under federal law, anybody who intentionally kills or attempts to kill an unborn child should be punished Procon. Overall, both sides have their arguments that keeps them fighting for their cause. Pro life believes that abortion is killing the baby and also making abortion the leading causes of mortality while, prochoice believes that the reproduction rights of a woman is also human rights .
Meaning they could do with their body as they please. Citation:Haddad, Lisa B, and Nawal M Nour. “Unsafe Abortion: Unnecessary Maternal Mortality.” Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology 2.2 (2009): pg 122–126. Ziegler, Mary.
“Women’s Rights on the Right: The History and Stakes of Modern Pro-Life Feminism.” Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice, vol. 28, no. 2, Oct. 2013, pp.
232-268. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2709326/”Preventing unsafe abortion.
” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs388/en/.ProCon.org. “Abortion ProCon.
org.” ProCon.org. 15 Dec 2017, 9:14 a.m., abortion.procon.org/www.prochoiceamerica.org/issue/abortion-access/.