There is a lot of problems in Egypt right now, such as terrorism, rolling blackouts, rising cost of food, fuel shortages, and violence against women. But what I am focusing on are the pollution problems in Egypt, more specifically the water pollution. There are many things lurking in those waters. Like, trash, chlorine, sewage leakages, Industrial wastewater discharges, pesticide, chemical fertilizer residue, and radioactive discharge. These are all very big pollution problems, and what i’m going to do is make a water filtration system that can filter out trash and wastewater. The Nile is the main source of water in Egypt and has been for many years.
Being Egypt means that it is a desert climate, so without it, the people there, well, they just wouldn’t even exist. So with the nile being their main source of water, and it being polluted with trash and waste from the citizens, businesses, and industries. Their main source of water is now infested and i’ll-potable. Thus making it harder for them to get potable water, hence harder to live. Even without the Nile pollution, they have many, other problems they have to face everyday as listed above. There has been many efforts to help stop or clean up pollution in the nile.
But with poor budget and rising terrorism, It has been a challenge for these Egyptians. All they have been able to accomplish is a fence that stretches across canals that help filter out medium to large pieces of trash, thus making it look cleaner. From what we just heard about from above, we know there is a lot more than just trash they need to filter out to make it potable. Now there is the lifestraw, and that is a portable straw that they can carry around and use to drink straight from the water source despite purity.
But there is a limit to what that can do, It can’t filter chemicals, only bacteria. So what they need is a cheap and basic filtration system that they can make from what they can use from their natural environment to filter out all of the chemicals, and bacteria so that they can use the water safely without harm. Someone has made a filter that is made from drum barrels, rocks, sand, and charcoal. It worked really well, it got rid of the small bits of trash and some of the bacteria. But it didn’t get rid of any chemicals, making it still harmful. The United States did come and aid them in the more popular cities the 1970’s, and they even made a $727 billion dollar project in 1984 to help set up and upgrade their sewage systems, and clean up their garbage mess in their canals.”(Egypt’s Water Crisis – Recipe for Disaster. (2017, July 22).
” They found out that the water pollution and garbage everywhere was threatening the structural integrity of the buildings. They then worked their way to the smaller cities in the Delta, South Sinai, and Upper Egypt, when they did these deeds they helped lower infant mortality rates by 80%.”(Egypt’s Water Crisis – Recipe for Disaster. (2017, July 22).
“. In the 1990’s the U.S. made another $700 million dollar project to make wastewater treatment plants and set up about 30 of them in major parts of the country. “(Egypt’s Water Crisis – Recipe for Disaster.
(2017, July 22).”The U.S’s aid did help them though it didn’t last very long, they would be in a even worse condition in some parts than they are now.
When the U.S. ended their project the Egyptians were left with all kinds of new problems such as terrorism and fuel shortages. These things made it difficult to continue their efforts in cleaning their waters, as most of their wastewater treatment plants were either damaged or in an area too dangerous to operate in. “(Water and Sanitation | Egypt.
(n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017)”This caused the waters to continue their downfall into becoming more and more I’ll potable and infested. The U.S. came back due to the tragic act of terrorism upon us in 9.11.
2001, to attack groups of such terrorists and aid those in need who live in the sights and planned attacks of these various terrorist groups. In return the Egyptians helped the U.S.
Fight in Iraq and Afghanistan. The U.S.’s return to Egypt helped lower the threats of terrorism, and in turn gave the egyptians time to pay attention to their environment and get back to focusing on purifying their water. They were able to recover their wastewater plants, and with the help of the U.S. They were able rebuild the destroyed wastewater plants and start purifying the water in the cities that had them previously.
“(Water and Sanitation | Egypt. (n.d.).
Retrieved November 21, 2017)*”The U.S is focusing again to increase access to clean water and sanitation services in polluted rural areas. These residents suffer from unreliable and sometimes low quality potable water service and lack of wastewater connections and treatment. Water pollution in canals and drains still represents the greatest threat to public health in these areas in Egypt, as wastewater is discharged without treatment to agricultural drains and canals and increases the risk of waterborne diseases. Plus population growth has led to an expansion of settlements over the heavily polluted, unsanitary and I’ll Potable waterways, putting villagers further at risk of Infection of waterborne diseases. U.
S. efforts will further improve access to services for the 650,000 residents in these areas, services that are vital to the health of the residents and the economy of Upper Egypt. “(Water and Sanitation | Egypt. (n.
d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017)”. Not only do better water and wastewater services and facilities contribute to improvements in tourism, trade, and investment, but they also create thousands of job opportunities for day laborers to construct facilities. For instance, in the Baheeg community in Assiut Governorate, the U.S.
worked directly with the local municipal water and wastewater holding company to construct a $2.6 million slow sand filter treatment plant with the capacity to supply 10,000 households (50,000 persons) with potable water “(Water and Sanitation | Egypt. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017)”.
An additional $150,000 was used to fund the installation of a distribution pipeline to tie the Baheeg community to the plant using local unskilled labor and provided 1,700 person-days of local employment. “(Water and Sanitation | Egypt. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017).
Though that is a good thing that the U.S. helps, it still did not solve the problem even still. Because when the water is purified, it goes back into the main river system and then gets contaminated again from the garbage and industrial wastes that were originally there to begin with.
Thus throwing us right back to where we started. That’s why I am going to figure out a way to make a filtration system that is basic, and will get rid of all the garbage and bacteria from the water in the main river system and all of the canals and tributaries that flow into and out of the main water system as well.