There are at least 56,000 non-profit organizations in WesternCanada alone, they generate almost $ 25 billion in revenue, employ more than325,000 people, and receive a total of $ 10.
2 billion in funding from alllevels of government. The trend is shiftingtowards volunteering to improve one’s own skills, in order to compete in thejobs market, rather than to fulfill a social need is rising in each country. Amove to more instrumentally-motivated volunteering has changedvolunteer-involving organization’s recruitment strategies, which focus on thebenefit volunteering can bring to an individual (such as increasing theireconomic or human capital) over the potential altruistic benefits that arisefrom donating one’s time to help others. The volunteering recruiters talk ofvolunteering as a product to be ‘sold’ to young people, which leads to youngvolunteers taking on the mindset of the consumer.If Canada followed apure capitalist system, the non-profit sector will be the one to suffer most.In a competitive market, where everyone wants to stay on top will result inmore people involving in non-profit organization to polish their skills ratherthan participating for the social cause.
This will provide human beings no deepreasons to care about one another, resulting in eliminating their legitimacy.As the ‘we’ of community has often turned from a source of mutual respect,responsibility and pro-active behaviour, into a darker, defensive andprotectionist reaction. The young people will be encouraged to consumevolunteering as without it, they cannot move up or move on. Just as the state,in order to solve its own crises, encourages (or forces) local communities torun their own services unwaged volunteering will become subsumed into the logicof individualisation in advanced economies.
Question2 There arevarious ways to measure the GDP of nonprofit organization, perhaps the mostcommonly used approach for estimating the economic value of volunteer work isknown as the ‘replacement cost’ method. This method estimates the value ofvolunteering by focusing on the value of the labor inputs to volunteering. Morespecifically, this approach focuses on the value of the work that the volunteerperforms finding what it would cost to replace the volunteer with a paid worker.The other way of measuring, is by ‘opportunity cost’approach, which is to determine the value of the time that the volunteer couldspend in his or her regular job if he or she were not volunteering. It measuresthe value of the volunteer’s contribution by reference to the value of thealternative opportunity the volunteer is passing up in order to volunteer. Thisapproach is widely used in legal circles to estimate losses from environmentalor other damages. Applied to volunteering, this approach can be used toestimate what the volunteer effort is worth to the person making use of it(i.e.
, an output measure) or what its value is to the volunteer (an inputmeasure). I agree with both the replacementand opportunity cost approaches but both focuses on the measurement andvaluation of inputs. The better strategy for estimating the economic value ofvolunteering is to focus on the outputs of this work or the societal benefitsthat volunteer work produces. Alternatively, for any portion of theoutput of volunteer work, a ‘declared market proxy’ can be used by asking themanagers of volunteers, or the beneficiaries of volunteer effort (in the caseof direct volunteering) to indicate what they would be willing to pay for thegoods or services that the volunteers produced.Question3Recruitment ofvolunteers is a primary task of nonprofit organizations.
Our work is looselysituated within emerging applications of human resource management (HRM) theoryand practice to nonprofit organizations. The strategic HRM is largely absentfrom nonprofit organizations. Somerecruitment problems are innate to organizations or their missions.
It may bemore difficult to recruit when clients are primarily intravenous drug users ratherthan a class of suburban elementary school children. Some organizations attractvolunteers across the full spectrum of age. Other organizations and causes lookprimarily to retirees and still others recruit and involve youth. Weconceptualize age of volunteers as part of the nature of the organization,since programming largely dictates the market of available volunteers. Youngerpeople are more concerned with achievement values and career benefitsassociated with volunteering.Some people become volunteers in order to further theircareers.
Alternatively, some people become volunteers in order to gain greaterunderstanding. The motive to express one’s humanitarian values is arguably themost easily expressed over a range of volunteer activities. Volunteeringrepresents an opportunity to express humanitarian values and altruisticconcerns by giving one’s time and energy to helping others.
Therefore, across arange of activities and contexts, the values motive may be most likely to besatisfied by, or “match,” a person’s experience of volunteering. However, theextent to which volunteerism affords opportunities for the fulfillment of otherfunctions may depend more on the context in which volunteering occurs and thespecific activities that are involved.