There are some types ofclauses such as adverbial/ circumstance clause, relative/nominal clause,dependent/independent clause, finite/non finite clause. Adverbial clause is agroup of words functioning as adverb which is recognized by a subordinatingconjunction along a noun and a verb. Circumstantial clause is slightly similarto the adverbials. It refers to the idea that a dependent, subordinatingconjuction supplies the background information of a clause. It gives theinformation from questions such as- what, how, when, what extent, under whatcircumstances etc. Nominal clause includes the subject and verb, functions as anoun phrase.
It starts usually with the relative pronoun or relativeadverb which turns the clause asdependent. Relative clause is similar someway to the nominal clause that alsostarts with relative pronoun or relative adverb known as adjective clause,typically a dependent clause. A dependent clause (subordinating clause) is notable to stand alone which may combine with another dependent or independentclause. On the other hand, an independent clause is one which stands by itselfand has equal status to the other clause or clauses it is being linked with(Bare, 2004). Finite and non finite are clauses that may sometimes combine withdependent or independent clauses. Finite verbs are marked by tense and modalityand non finite verbs are not. In task 2 text 1, all the clauses are written text whichhas standard and grammatically high frequented language. All the clauses arefinite that marks by tense and modality.
Those clauses use simple present,simple past and past perfect tenses. For example, “Thousands of Palestinianshad protested on Friday”, the clause has past perfect tense. Another exampleis, “It contains sites sacred to the three major monotheistic faiths – Judaism,Islam and Christianity”, it has simple present tense. So, these are finiteclauses. Text 1 has some dependent and independent clauses.
“With solidaritydemonstrations held across the Arab world and in other Muslim-majority nations”– that is a dependent finite clause because it cannot stand alone and hassimple past. It has also adverbial and circumstantial clauses such as, “thoughIsrael does not regard them as settlements but legitimate neighborhoods”-provides background information which is a circumstantial clause. “According tothe 1993 Israel-Palestinian peace accords, the final status of Jerusalem ismeant” is an adverb. Text 2 has some finite/non finite anddependent/independent clauses. “I begin very well the round” is an example ofindependent and finite clause. Spoken texts usually have more independentclauses as speakers use simple sentences to convey their messages in a shorttime. “it was the key, really.” is an adverbial, dependent finite clause fromthe spoken text.
Spoken text uses this kind of adverbs to express themproperly. Text 1 and text 2 are far different from one anotherbecause text 1 is written which has long complex clauses and text 2 is spokenthat has simple and verbal clauses. The vocabularies in text 1 are rich andhigh frequented than text 2. Text 1 has more nouns such as Palestin, Israel andtext 2 has pronouns such as I, you, it. Text 1 has more finite clauses thantext 2. Speakers don’t follow the grammatical rules always.
In text 2, thereare some clauses which is not grammatically correct as speakers get few timesto say what they want to say. Text 1 and 2 don’t have any nominal or relativeclauses. The texts have adverbial and circumstantial clauses though spoken hasless circumstancial clauses than the written one. Written text is stable and permanent and spoken iscorrectable. Written text is complex and uses vocabulary of high frequency.Spoken text is very simple and easily understandable. Writers use punctuationmarks, layout, color but speakers cannot use those rather they use tone,volume, intonation.
Written text is different from the spoken in many waysbecause writers have much time to think and write, but the speakers don’t. Text1 and text 2 are the sample of written and spoken text which infer thedifferences of both quite in a understandable manner. Though both texts havemuch differences, writers and speakers don’t hesitate to choose any one ofthem.