Throughout that hold society together. The two types

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
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Last updated: August 21, 2019

 Throughoutthis essay I will be outlining the current issue of social structure in Irishsociety and how sociology helps us to better understand this.

“Sociologistsdefine society as the people who interact in such a way as to share a commonculture. The cultural bond may be ethnic or racial, based on gender, or due toshared beliefs, values, and activities” (Culture andSociety Defined”, n.d.).  This essay willlook at the social structure and how it is created within society. EmileDurkheim is known to have created very influential theoretical approaches.Durkheim emphasised the importance of social norms. He was interested in theforces that hold society together.

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The two types of solidarity Durkheimidentified will be discussed. This essay will examine how Durkheim’s theory canhelp us understand the social structure issues in society.  Irish societya long time ago was full of people who were poorly educated and were nevergiven the right information when learning how to work and adapt in society.Olden Irish society was so divided. the Republic of Ireland was described as a society with a rigid socialstructure, some even describe Ireland as a 100% class system despite theegalitarian attitude in the media and public. The lower class is typified by poverty, homelessness, and unemployment. Theworking class are those minimally educated people who engage in “manual labor”with little or no prestige.

The middle class are The white collar workers, have more money than thosebelow. The upper class insocieties is the social class composedof the wealthiest members of society, who also wield the greatest politicalpower.  But coming into 2018 now, Irelandhas adapted into a more equal and diverse society. This can be seen in thesexuality acceptance in Ireland. where Ireland had voted by a huge majority to legalize same-sexmarriage, becoming the first country in the world to do so by popular vote in amove as a social revolution and welcomed around the world. Where back in theearly 70’s and before it was very uncommon to see or know someone that acceptedthe idea of two people of the same sex to be together.  Thepredominant religion inthe Republic of Ireland isChristianity, with the largest church being the Roman Catholic Church. Back inan older Ireland this was seen to be the unanimous religion in Ireland, if youwere not to support the catholic church you were seen to be an outsider.

Butsince Ireland has adapted to a modern society with the help of education andcommunication, different religions are now accepted and not seen to be fround upon.The number of those saying they had no religion increased by 74%. The 2011figure was 277,237, which rose 204,151 to 481,388. Both the Muslimand Jewish populations grew by 28.9%. this shows how this country has adapted. – (C.

S.O/cenus,n.d.).        EmileDurkheim was known for his views on the structure of society. He focused hiswork on how traditional and modern societies function and evolved. Emile’stheoretical approaches were founded on the concept of social facts which werealso defined as the norms, values and different structures of society. Durkheimspent most of his time examining things external in nature, as opposed tointernal in nature.

He believed that values and rules are necessary to a functional society. He thoughtsociety should be described in terms of its functions. Society is a system ofinterlinked parts, where no one part can function without the other. Each partmake up the whole of society. If one part changes, it had an impact on societyas a whole (Giddens, 2013, p 12). Emile’smain idea was a division of labour.

His thought focused mainly on the move insocieties from a simple society to one that is more complex. Emile argued thattraditional societies consisted of the same types of people who had similarvalues, religious beliefs and backgrounds. Social norms were very strong, andsocial behaviour was well monitored. In comparison, modern societies are madeup of a complicated division of labour, beliefs and backgrounds. Commonconsciousness was less obvious and the regulation of social behaviour was lesspunishing and more disciplinary. It’s aim was to restore normal activity tosociety (Giddens, 2013, p 12). Inrelation to the division of labour, Durkheim identified two types ofsolidarity. The first one being mechanical.

This takes place when individualswithin the structural units are similar and self sufficient. People are moreclosely knit together because they are working at the same thing (e.g.farming), sharing common beliefs and values.

Anyone who is seen to be breaking therules is immediately punished. Organic is the second one. This is when a largepopulation is split up into smaller units. There is a greater division oflabour and people become more economically dependant on each other. Thisreplaces the bonds of shared beliefs (Giddens, 2013, p 12). EmileDurkheim was a sociologist who pioneered in the study of social order. Hetheorized how societies maintained social order on mechanical and organic formsas well as transitions to industrialized society form a primitive one.Ina primitive society, people act and think alike because of a mechanicalsolidarity.

On the other hand, an advanced society will have its people indivisions of labor where they are allocated and rewarded accordingly.In his concept of divisions oflabor it has helped us understand Irish society. Thecore principal why division of labor is vital is that humans rely on happinessin being free to possess material thing and to seek them. This makes itsinfluence to be on a personal level and based on one’s mental liking.Specialization in the face of division of labor creates a need in individualsto operate on a social basis so that they may maximize the returns and henceincreased happiness. Wherever there is a common ideology between people who aretogether if its family or friends, they tend to have creative thinking that canbe of use to them.

This works well especially if they are great in numberssince they can always support each other. Division of labor has had a historyof revolution to what it is today. A good example of the division of labor andhow its adapted, “One man draws out the wire; anotherstraights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the topfen-receiving the head; to make the head requires two or three distinctoperations”(Essays, UK. (November 2013). TheDivision Of Labor In Todays Society Sociology Essay) Toconclude, Durkheim’sapproach was based on social facts and the structure of society. He felt thatthere was a huge division of labour, which to some extent is arguably still thecase today. I grasped a lot of knowledge from the mechanical and organic typesof solidarity Durkheim identified. It also shows how Durkheim has influencedmodern society with his concepts and division of labor.

It shows that in everysociety needs to have the support from everyone else in order for all of thesociety to successfully operate. This has been adapted from 1893 all the way tomodern date and will continue to adapt.    Bibliography: –       (C.S.

O/cenus, 2017 ,n.d.) –       Giddens, A.(2013). Sociology, 7th Edt, Cambridge, Polity Press.  –      ‘Culture andSociety Defined’. (n.

d.). Retrieved 20 January, 2018, from Cliff Notes website:  –      Essays, UK. (November 2013).

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