TITTLE: In the Philippines, corncobs are commonly utilized

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Last updated: December 30, 2019

TITTLE:            Corncob Ash as Fire Retardant for PaintRATIONALEEvery year fire disaster is one of the major problemworldwide. Example of fire disaster is house fire. House fire usually happensin urban, rural places and oftenly in squatter area.

Fire is fast and canspread easily, a small flame can turn into a major fire. Some reasons that cancause a house fire are cooking, smoking, electricity and appliances, childrenplaying with fire, flammable liquids such as paints. Fire is an ever-present threat to some homes around theworld. According to SGI Canada News (2017) that there are about 24,000 housefires every year in Canada and the major cause is cooking equipment thatignites clothing, oil or flammable liquids. RESEARCHQUESTIONS:·        How long does the painted wood containingcorncob ash takes to catch fire?·        Will the paint maintain its color when thecorncob ash is added to it?HYPOTHESIS:            If corncob ash is added into paint, then dry wood coatedin that paint takes longer to catch fire.REVIEWOF RELATED LITERATURE            In the Philippines,corncobs are commonly utilized as fuel.

But in this case, some us the ash fromburnt cobs as fertilizer for farming. It was found that corncob ash gave thebest result in terms of growth and biomass production as it has higherconcentrated amount of potassium. Corncobs have potassium content averaging onepercent, while its ash has a potassium content ranging from 21 to 33 percent(A.

Ocampo, 2014).            In addition, Potassium Bicarbonate, when introduced to extremetemperature or heat, disintegrates to a substance of potassium oxide, watervapor and carbon dioxide. The main point of fire retarding is to slow down fireexpansion and lessen the fire load of the burning material by induction of non– combustible materials that would overdo the amount of oxygen to the fire.

Thedepletion of oxygen and other source of fuel to the fire will cause the sudden reductionin heat, release heat and temperature. Deterioration stage of the fire will ariseand fire retarding begin to die out (Gorbett and Pharr, 2011).            According to J. Pinto (2011), corncob has possible fireresistance properties. Corncob were tested on expedite fire resistance test.

Corncobhas an acceptable fire resistance when compared with the other thermalinsulation materials.            Fire retarding mechanism comprises suspension of fire production,lessening of fire load, degradation of fire and thermal insulation of burningand unburned parts. For combustion of a material to occur, presence of oxygenis required. Induction of a material with potassium bicarbonate component tocombustion even will result to degradation of fire due to the decompositionprocess occurring, limitation of oxygen consumption of the fire in thepotassium bicarbonate. The decomposition process is similar to the typical fireretarding procedure of a fire extinguisher (Isitman, Dogan, Bayramli, Kanyak,2011).  SCOPEAND LIMITATION            This study has intimation on the advanced treatment forfire inhibition.

It is only limited to the ash produced by corncob added tohousehold paint. This study is conducted to know the effectiveness of corncobash in satiating the flame from wood and how long will the painted woodcontaining corncob ash takes to catch fire. Only wood will be used in thisstudy, thus metal will not be included. 3 colors of paint with the same brandwill be used to determine its fire – retardant capacity. The experiment isdivided into two trials, using the pure paint and the one with corncob ashadded.             This study will be conducted on last week of January 2017at the Mr. and Mrs.

Serata at Barangay Poblacion, Maco.SIGNIFICANCEOF THE STUDYTheresult of this study is beneficial to the following group of people.PaintManufacturers. The corncob ash has the capacity of retardingand extinguishing fire. This concept will help them developing their products.Communities.

Thecommunity will benefit this study for they can use a cheap and easy way tocreate fire-retardant paint. This type of paint would decrease the flammabilityof homes made of timbers or woods and thus prevent the rapid spread of fire in thisvery densely populated neighborhood. FutureResearchers. The future researchers will not have trouble interms of gathering corncob ash. They will no longer use the commercial flameretardants and this will not affect their health.DEFINITIONOF TERMSCorncob – the central,cylindrical, woody part of the corn ear to which the grains, or kernelsare      attached. (Dictionary) Ash – the solid residue leftafter the burning of a substance or when combustible materials id thoroughlyburned or is oxidized by chemical means.

            In this study, we will be using the ash produced bycorncob as a potential reactive component for paint. Corncob ash serves as fireretardant which is essential for stopping or slowing the spread of fire.Fire Retardant – Chemicalsthat are added or applied to materials in order to slow or prevent the start orgrowth of fire. (National Institutes of Health, 2016)            In this study, we will cover the fire-retardant capacityof paint added wit corncob ash containing Potassium Bicarbonate which has fireextinguishing properties that helps to insulate the fire.

   TITTLE:            Corncob Ash as Fire Retardant for PaintRATIONALEEvery year fire disaster is one of the major problemworldwide. Example of fire disaster is house fire. House fire usually happensin urban, rural places and oftenly in squatter area. Fire is fast and canspread easily, a small flame can turn into a major fire.

Some reasons that cancause a house fire are cooking, smoking, electricity and appliances, childrenplaying with fire, flammable liquids such as paints. Fire is an ever-present threat to some homes around theworld. According to SGI Canada News (2017) that there are about 24,000 housefires every year in Canada and the major cause is cooking equipment thatignites clothing, oil or flammable liquids.

RESEARCHQUESTIONS:·        How long does the painted wood containingcorncob ash takes to catch fire?·        Will the paint maintain its color when thecorncob ash is added to it?HYPOTHESIS:            If corncob ash is added into paint, then dry wood coatedin that paint takes longer to catch fire.REVIEWOF RELATED LITERATURE            In the Philippines,corncobs are commonly utilized as fuel. But in this case, some us the ash fromburnt cobs as fertilizer for farming. It was found that corncob ash gave thebest result in terms of growth and biomass production as it has higherconcentrated amount of potassium. Corncobs have potassium content averaging onepercent, while its ash has a potassium content ranging from 21 to 33 percent(A. Ocampo, 2014).

            In addition, Potassium Bicarbonate, when introduced to extremetemperature or heat, disintegrates to a substance of potassium oxide, watervapor and carbon dioxide. The main point of fire retarding is to slow down fireexpansion and lessen the fire load of the burning material by induction of non– combustible materials that would overdo the amount of oxygen to the fire. Thedepletion of oxygen and other source of fuel to the fire will cause the sudden reductionin heat, release heat and temperature. Deterioration stage of the fire will ariseand fire retarding begin to die out (Gorbett and Pharr, 2011).            According to J. Pinto (2011), corncob has possible fireresistance properties.

Corncob were tested on expedite fire resistance test. Corncobhas an acceptable fire resistance when compared with the other thermalinsulation materials.            Fire retarding mechanism comprises suspension of fire production,lessening of fire load, degradation of fire and thermal insulation of burningand unburned parts. For combustion of a material to occur, presence of oxygenis required. Induction of a material with potassium bicarbonate component tocombustion even will result to degradation of fire due to the decompositionprocess occurring, limitation of oxygen consumption of the fire in thepotassium bicarbonate. The decomposition process is similar to the typical fireretarding procedure of a fire extinguisher (Isitman, Dogan, Bayramli, Kanyak,2011).  SCOPEAND LIMITATION            This study has intimation on the advanced treatment forfire inhibition.

It is only limited to the ash produced by corncob added tohousehold paint. This study is conducted to know the effectiveness of corncobash in satiating the flame from wood and how long will the painted woodcontaining corncob ash takes to catch fire. Only wood will be used in thisstudy, thus metal will not be included.

3 colors of paint with the same brandwill be used to determine its fire – retardant capacity. The experiment isdivided into two trials, using the pure paint and the one with corncob ashadded.             This study will be conducted on last week of January 2017at the Mr.

and Mrs. Serata at Barangay Poblacion, Maco.SIGNIFICANCEOF THE STUDYTheresult of this study is beneficial to the following group of people.PaintManufacturers. The corncob ash has the capacity of retardingand extinguishing fire.

This concept will help them developing their products.Communities.Thecommunity will benefit this study for they can use a cheap and easy way tocreate fire-retardant paint.

This type of paint would decrease the flammabilityof homes made of timbers or woods and thus prevent the rapid spread of fire in thisvery densely populated neighborhood. FutureResearchers. The future researchers will not have trouble interms of gathering corncob ash.

They will no longer use the commercial flameretardants and this will not affect their health.DEFINITIONOF TERMSCorncob – the central,cylindrical, woody part of the corn ear to which the grains, or kernelsare      attached. (Dictionary) Ash – the solid residue leftafter the burning of a substance or when combustible materials id thoroughlyburned or is oxidized by chemical means.            In this study, we will be using the ash produced bycorncob as a potential reactive component for paint. Corncob ash serves as fireretardant which is essential for stopping or slowing the spread of fire.

Fire Retardant – Chemicalsthat are added or applied to materials in order to slow or prevent the start orgrowth of fire. (National Institutes of Health, 2016)            In this study, we will cover the fire-retardant capacityof paint added wit corncob ash containing Potassium Bicarbonate which has fireextinguishing properties that helps to insulate the fire.            

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