Types and Elements of Poetry

Topics: Travelling

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: December 5, 2019

stanzas
repeated grouping of two or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme

couplet
a pair of rhyming lines usually of the same length and meter

quatrain
a stanza or poem made up of fourlines, usually with a definite rhythm and rhyme scheme

metaphor
a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken as though it were something else w/o using like or as

simile
a figure of speech in which the words like or as are used to compare to apparently dissimilar things

personification
a type of figurative language in which a nohuman subject is given human characteristics

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

imagery
the descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader

rhythm/meter
a poem’s rhythmical pattern

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds

repetition
the use of any element of language more than once

paradox
a statement that seems contradictory but actually may be true

narrative
the writer tells a story in verse

epic
long narrative poem about gods or hereos

ballad
a songlike narrative about an adventure or romance

dramatic
the writer tells a story using a character’s own thoughts or statements

lyric
a brief poem in which the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker, creating a single effect on the reader

haiku
a poem containing three unrhymed lines of five, seven, five

sonnet
a fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure

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