tell stories; ex) “Paul Revere’s Ride”
song or songlike poem that tells a story. The story is often about love, betrayal, or death. They usually have a regular, steady rhythm, a simple rhyme pattern, and a refrain, all of which make them easy to memorize. ex) “The Dying Cowboy”
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long narrative poems, originally passed down by word of mouth, that tell about heroes who embody the values of the culture recounting the tale. ex) “Beowulf”
usually don’t tell a story.
Instead, they express personal thoughts and feelings of the poet or the speaker. ex) “Birdfoot’s Grandpa”
a specific type of lyric poem that is always 14 lines long and usually has a particular type of meter. ex) “On the Grasshopper and the Cricket”
long, lyric poems that were traditionally written to celebrate a famous person or a lofty idea. Today some are written to celebrate ordinary things. ex) “Ode to Joy”
a poem of mourning, usually for someone who has died.
ex) “O Captain! My Captain!”
do not follow a regular meter or rhyme scheme, but they do include other elements of poetry, such as rhythm, imagery, figures of speech, and alliteration. ex) “I Hear America Singing”