Types of Poetry-5th Grade

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Last updated: December 6, 2019

Elergy
a sad poem, usually written to praise and express sorrow for someone who is dead.

Ballad
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.

Epic
a long, narrative poem that is usually about heroic deeds and events that are significant to the culture of the poet

Free verse
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter.

Haiku
a traditional form of Japanese poetry consisting of 3 lines. The first and last lines have 5 syllables and the middle line has 7 syllables. The lines rarely rhyme.

Limerick
a humorous poem consisting of five lines.

The first, second, and fifth lines must have seven to ten syllables while rhyming and having the same verbal rhythm. The third and fourth lines only have to have five to seven syllables, and have to rhyme with each other and have the same rhythm.

Lyric
expressing the writer’s emotions, usually briefly and in stanzas or recognized forms.Sonnets, ballads, and odes can all be classified as this type of poem.

Narrative
a form of poetry that tells a story, often making the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metered verse.

Ode
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.

Sonnet
a fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter, which employ one of several rhyme schemes and adhere to a tightly structured thematic organization.

Poem
a piece of writing that partakes of the nature of both speech and song that is nearly always rhythmical, usually metaphorical, and often exhibits such formal elements as meter, rhyme, and stanzaic structure.

Rhyme Scheme
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.

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