Descriptive Essays

COMPLEX POETRY TERMS

Abecedarian Related to acrostic, a poem in which the first letter of each line or stanza follows sequentially through the alphabet. See Jessica Greenbaum, “A Poem for S.” Tom Disch’s “Abecedary” adapts the principles of an abecedarian poem, while Matthea Harvey’s “The Future of Terror/The Terror of Future” sequence also uses the alphabet as an organizing principle. Poets who have used the abecedarian across whole collections include Mary Jo Bang,

Introduction to Poetic Devices

Imagery The use of descriptive language to create clear mental pictures. Example: The moon was clear and bright, its light radiant and blinding in the darkness. Simile Compares two unlike things directly using “like” or “as.”Example: When the gates finally broke, the crowd surged forward like a burst dam. Metaphor An indirect comparison without using “like” or “as.” Example: The creature’s eyes were like jewels. Analogy A comparison of two

Defined Poetry Terms

Persona the person speaking in the poem Stanza a grouping of the verse lines in a poem quatrain a stanza of 4 lines couplet a pair of rhymed lines that are equal in length refrain a line or part of a line or group of lines which repeats in a poem slant rhyme/imperfect rhyme two words are nearly rhymed but have a slight variation in sound internal rhyme rhyming within

Poetry Vocabulary Terms

alliteration the repetition of sounds, most often consonant sounds, at the beginning of words assonance the repetition of similar vowel sounds within non-rhyming words atmosphere mood or emotional quality of a literary work ballad song or poem that tells a story blank verse verse written in unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter cinquain a five line poem or stanza that follows a pattern of syllables consonance repetition of consonant sound before

Transcendentalism Poetry

Couplet 2 line stanza Direct Characterization The author directly states a character’s traits Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of a character Characterization A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits. exact rhyme Occurs when two words have the same sound free verse poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm or rhyme Gothic Set in bleak or

Reading Terms Vocabulary

alliteration repeating the same sound at the beginning of several words in a phrase or sentence. For example, “The bees buzzed in the back of the blue barn. “ Adjectives words that describe nouns adverbs describe the verb (quickly, slowly) author’s tone The attitude a writer takes towards a subject or a character in the text base word ( root word) The central part of a word that other word

Poetry types

Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words such as tongue twisters like ‘She sells seashells by the seashore’. Elision The Elision Literary Term refers to the leaving out of an unstressed syllable or vowel, usually in order to keep a regular meter in a line of poetry for example ‘o’er’ for ‘over’. Figure of speech A Figure of speech is a

Poetry Worksheet

Narrative Poetry a longer poem that tells a story Dramatic Poetry a poem in which 2 or more characters speak Sonnet A poem with 14 lines made by Shakespeare with iambic 3 quatrains and 1 couplet FreeVerse a poem with no rhythm or rhyme “Two Tramps in Mud Time” Robert Frost / Narrative “The Wreck of Hesperus” Henry Wadsworth Longfellow / Narrative Poetry “Eldorado” Edgar Allen Poe / Dramatic “The

Music Exam 3 Romantic period

Nationalism inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends, and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composers homeland; characteristic of romantic music. Exoticism Use of Melodies, rhythms, or instruments that suggest foreign lands; common in romantic music Program Explanatory comments specifying the story, scene, or idea associated with program music. Chromatic harmony Use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale but

Satire- Understatement

Satire A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work. While satire can be funny, its aim is not to amuse, but to arouse contempt. Jonathan swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” satirizes the English people, making them seem dwarfish in their ability to deal with large thoughts, issues, or deedsEx: The Daily Show Semantic of, pertaining to, or arising from the different meanings of words or other symbols: semantic

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