Unit 2: American Romanticism

Topics: ArtSymbolism

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: April 27, 2019

Genre
term that describes works of literature according to their shared thematic or structural characteristics

Neoclassicism
artistic movement that dominated Europe from late 1600s to early Romanticism (Neo-new; Classicism- classical Greece or Rome)

Romanticism
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual

Subgenre
further divide genre when elements of 2 genres are combined

American romanticism
(1820-1860) literary movement that followed early American and colonial period; important subgenre is Gothic

Mood
temporary state of mind or feeling in literature; suggests a particular feeling or state of mind

Setting
where the story or writing takes place (important in literature)

Literary criticism
art or practice of judging and commenting on the qualities and character of literary works; synonymous with literary analysis

Parts of speech
combines to create vivid and exact sentences; foundation which phrases, sentences, and paragraphs are built

Symbolism
objects or events that stand for other things

Gothic
type of literature that combines fiction, horror, death, and Romanticism

Prose
written or spoke language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure

Tone
attitude of a piece of writing evoked through word choice

Transcendentalism
movement based on fundamental belief in unity of the world and God; doctrine of self-reliance and individualism developed through belief in identification of the individual soul with God; natural and spiritual world are connected

Descriptive writing
clear, visual description using vivid, descriptive language

Transcendentalism (2)
school of thought that desired to push society forward; wanted to move beyond a theology that relegated God’s presence to heaven and see God’s presence reflected in nature; wanted to move beyond slavery and supported the abolitionist movement

appositive
noun or pronoun that identifies or explains another noun or pronoun in sentence

sentence structure
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

free verse
verse composed of variable, usually unrhymed lines having no fixed metrical pattern

Romanticism (2)
Originated in Europe in 1700s;valued imagination over reason, spontaneity over restraint, and individualism over conformity; did not like the constraints that religion put over people, and preferred self-discovery in nature.

connotation
an idea or feeling that a work invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning (positive or negative feeling usually associated with it)

denotation
literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggest

descriptive writing
clear description of people, places, objects, or events using appropriate details; effective description will contain sufficient and varied elaboration of details to communicate a sense of the subject being described

Greek roots
prefixes and suffixes that can help students understand the meaning of new, English words

literary movements
general term for pieces of literature by different authors (usually over the same time period) who share a similar ideas for writing in some way

Poe’s short story elements
1. must have plot, setting, characters, purpose and theme2. length of reading time between 30 min and 1 hr3.

Story must have single, unifying effect4. Every word must support central purpose5. Only one developed character

literary criticism
an interpretation of work of literature supported by quotations, details, and personal responses

author’s purpose
reason for or intent in writing

poetic devices
imagery, rhythm, figurative language, simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification, hyperbole, rhyme scheme, alliteration, repetition, irony, analogy, symbolism

Greek prefix: neo
new and recent

Greek root: sym
together

parts of speech
noun, verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction, interjection, pronoun, preposition

abstract nouns
referring to ideas you can’t physically interact with

collective nouns
word that refers to a group

common nouns
refers to general things rather than specific examples

concrete nouns
words used for actual things that use your sense

indefinite pronouns
replace nouns without specifying which noun they place

intensive pronouns
emphasize (intensify) a noun or another pronoun

interrogative pronouns
used to begin or introduce interrogative sentences

reflexive pronoun
point back to the subject of the sentence (herself, himself)

personal pronouns
he, her, she…

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