Unit 6

Topic: ArtPaintings
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 1, 2019
What was revealed in 1923?
Teapot Dome Scandal

When did Germany join the League of Nations?
1926

1924
Congress passes the National Origins ActLenin dies

Assembly line
A row of factors workers who put together a product, part by part, as it passes by on a conveyor belt

Installment plan
The payment for an item in small, regular amounts over a period of time

What was the main concern of the three men who were elected as President in the 1920s?
Shifting government attention from foreign affairs to business

Why did Hoover believe in American industry and government working together?
He believed they could bring prosperity to Americans

How did Henry Ford change the way Americans lived?
He made automobiles more accessible to every day people

How did the automobile affect other industries?
Any industry related to cars grew; rubber, petroleum, construction, and more.

How did the business boom affect the average American?
Americans began focusing more on consumerism as the economy grew.

How did advertising help to strengthen the economy in the 1920s?
The number of people buying consumer goods steadily rose.

Warren G. Harding
Won the election of 1920; President plagued with many scandals

Albert Fall
Secretary of the Interior responsible for the Teapot Dome Scandal; first Cabinet member to be imprisoned

Henry Ford
Invented the assembly line and an affordable automobile

Calvin Coolidge
Became President after Warren Harding died; served until 1928

Jazz Age
The name given to the 1920s because of the new popularity of jazz music

Harlem Renaissance
A cultural movement of African American writers, painters, and musicians, many of whom lived in the Harlem area of New York City

What were some changes in American literature?
Writers began to write about the reality of life.

Who were some of the heroes of the 1920s?
Babe Ruth, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, and Jack Dempsey.

What gains did women make in politics in the 1920s?
They were able to vote, and the first women became governors.

Louis Armstrong
African American musician who made jazz famous around the world

Zora Neale Hurston
Wrote novels based on African American folklore

F. Scott Fitzgerald
Wrote ‘The Great Gatsby,’ which portrayed people only interested in becoming rich

Al Jolson
Starred in the first “talkie,” released in 1927

George Herman Ruth
Nicknamed the “Babe,” played for the New York Yankees in the 1920s

Charles Lindbergh
Became the first person to fly from New York to Paris (across the Atlantic) alone

Gertrude Ederle
Was the first woman to swim across the English Channel from France to England

Bootlegger
A person who made or transported alcohol illegally

Deport
To force someone to leave a country

Ku Klux Klan
A group that saw all foreigners as a threat to the United States

Fundamentalist
A person who believes in a strict interpretation of the Bible or another religious book

Aimee Semple McPherson
Evangelist who built a large church in Los Angeles that appealed to people who had recently moved to the city

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian immigrants who were arrested in Massachusetts for a payroll robbery and the murder of a paymasters and his guard

John T. Scopes
Young teacher who taught Darwin’s theory and was arrested and put in jail

Quota
A fixed number of a certain group of immigrants admitted to a country

Al Capone
A famous gangster who transported and sold alcohol illegally

Clarence Darrow
The ACLU lawyer that represented John Scopes during his trial

ACLU
The organization that disagreed with the law prohibiting the teaching of evolution

William Jennings Bryan
A strong fundamentalist who represented the state of Tennessee in the Scopes trial

How did Prohibition lead to an increase in organized crime?
People still wanted alcohol, so it became an organized crime business to produce and sell it.

What were two reasons people wanted to limit immigration?
They felt that immigrants were bringing communist ideas, as well as taking their jobs.

How did some people think Sacco and Vanzetti had been wrongly convicted?
They were foreigners who had wanted to make radical changes to the government

What was one way religion and science seemed to differ in the 1920s?
Religion became a stricter thing that could not change, while science was continually advancing

What was the outcome of the Scopes trial?
Scopes was convicted and fined $100, but the Tennessee Supreme Court later reversed the decision.

1929
Great Depression began

1939
Grapes of Wrath is published Marian Anderson sings at Lincoln memorial WWII begins

1933
Hitler rose to power in Germany

Who started the Spanish Civil War?
Francisco Franco

Profit
Money gained from a business or investment after expenses have been paid

Depression
A long period of economic decline

Public works
Projects paid for by the government for public use

Migrant worker
A person who moves from place to place to find work, usually harvesting crops

What part did the consumer goods play in causing the Great Depression?
Industries were making more consumer goods than they could sell, so workers were laid off.

Why did the Hawley Smoot Tariff Act backfire?
European tariffs were raised as well, leaving little trade.

What steps did President Hoover take to help the economy?
He started public works, as well as loaned money to banks and insurance companies.

What caused farm families to migrate form the Great Plains to California?
There was a great drought, “The Dust Bowl” that killed all the crops.

What caused the Dust Bowl?
A drought that killed animals and crops, along with high winds that blew dust everywhere

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