Unit battle with Grendel’s mother, even though the

Unit 1 Test

Anglo-Saxon society had many values and ideals that stood out through their
literature. From reading the epic poem that is Beowulf, a reader who knows
nothing about Anglo-Saxon society and ideals can easily identify their values. Anglo-Saxon
values are easily shown through the powerful character that is Beowulf. These
values are not only expressed through Beowulf, but also his surrounding
characters. A few traits that can be easily identified throughout the epic are
loyalty, duty, fame, courage, and bravery.

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Loyalty and
duty were among the traits that the Anglo-Saxons valued very highly. This theme
is continuously communicated and emphasized throughout the poem. In Beowulf,
both loyalty and lack thereof is witnessed. Beowulf, the hero, is loyal
throughout. We see this when he gets permission from his king, Hygelac, to help
Hrothgar kill the villain that is the monster Grendel. Even though his success
in defeating the monster brings him much fame and respect from Hrothgar, he
remains loyal to his king and returns to Geatland. Beowulf’s men were also very
loyal. We see this when they wait for Beowulf to emerge from the lake after his
battle with Grendel’s mother, even though the Danes has given up. We see lack
of loyalty when Beowulf is fighting the dragon, where only Wiglaf stays while
the others run off in fear, resulting in their banishment, a fate worse than
death. This truly emphasizes how important loyalty was. This was perhaps one of
the most important values to the Anglo-Saxons.

Fame is
another trait that is highly emphasized throughout the epic. This was clearly
and important ideal to the Anglo-Saxons. We see this trait appear several times
throughout the poem. In each battle, Beowulf’s end game is fame. He fights for
it as if it is the only thing worth fighting for. The Anglo-Saxons believed
that fame was the only thing that lasted, which is why it was such an important
element in the battles.

Saxon’s also valued courage and bravery. Bravery was mandatory in their society,
whether it was in facing a battle or fighting a monster. This bravery is
clearly shown in Beowulf himself, as he faces and defeats Grendel, Grendel’s
Mother, and the dragon. These are just a few of the values and ideals
attributed to Anglo-Saxon society. When focused on the traits of the characters
in Anglo-Saxon literature, there are many more values and ideals that are

4) Beowulf’s
character traits are very similar to other heroes I know, but differ in some
way. Their traits are similar, but values are different. Beowulf’s character
traits included bravery, loyalty, honor, courage, and strength. These traits
are present in modern day heroes as well, but modern day heroes are not limited
to just these traits. Heroes nowadays have much more depth. Beowulf’s values
included fame from his heroic acts, whereas modern day heroes fight for
justice, freedom, love, or for the sake of helping others. A few examples of
these modern day heroes are fictional heroes such as Batman, Spiderman, and
Iron Man. Beowulf’s traits are not only present in fictional heroes, but also
in real heroes such as Martin Luther King Jr. or Mahatma Gandhi. These are just
a few heroes among the many who exhibit these traits.

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Discussion

characters in “The Canterbury Tales” are considerably allegorical. In
the tales, the characters very clearly embody flaws of medieval society. The
characters are very allegorical in the terms that their personalities speak
subliminal messages. For example, The Friar used his position as a church
official for his own gain, rather than to turn people away from sin or to help
them. He is described as a man who easily forgave all the sinners, as long as
they slipped him some cash. He was always there to listen, for a price. Another
character who embodies the flaws of medieval society is the Prioress. She is
described as a delicate, caring woman, who cries over any small tragedy such as
the death of a mouse. She attempts to appear refined, but everything about her
is superficial. Rather than focus on her duties as a nun, she obsesses over her
looks and how people perceive her. Through these characters, we see the greed
and corruption going on during those times. The Friar shows the corruptive side
of church through the abuse of his position. These seemingly religious
characters do not represent the traditional characteristics of the church.

(I also
replied to two other classmates on the discussion board)

Unit 2 Test

1) The
Pardoner cheats people by playing on their own guilt. He uses their guilt and
tricks them into giving him money. He is motivated by profit and openly admits
to it when telling the pilgrims his tale, not apologizing for it even once. He
openly admits that he is after their money, and will do everything necessary to
make them pay for the fake relics. He tricks people by convincing them that
money is the root of all evil, and even though he himself is greedy, it is
still the root of all evil and needs to be eradicated. He knows people will pay
for pardon because he sees how afraid they are of the Last Judgment, and how
guilty they feel. He uses his stories to manipulate people, leading them to
quite literally pay for their sins, which is how he accumulates wealth for
himself. After finishing his tale and admitting to all of his wrongdoings, he
still tries to use his tale to convince the pilgrims to buy his relics in
exchange for forgiveness, in case any of them suddenly die on the journey. This
shows how truly greedy and deceitful he is, and how he is very hypocritical. 

2) Traditionally,
a summoner is someone who calls people to appear in front of the church court
when they have violated the church law. For example, the summoner would call
someone who has been accused of adultery to appear in front of the church
court. The irony in the words used by the narrator to describe the Summoner
appears when he says “Why, he’d allow—just for a quart of wine— / Any good
lad to keep a concubine.” A concubine is like a mistress, and in medieval
times, having a mistress was considered a grave sin. The Summoner in “The
Canterbury Tales” offered people an out for a sin as long as they gave him
wine. Instead of summoning people towards church, the Summoner summoned them
toward sin when it suited him, which is where the irony is.

3) Aside from
the fact that they are both heroes, Sir Girwain and Beowulf don’t have much in
common. Firstly, Beowulf is a prince, while Sir Girwain is just a knight.
Secondly, even though both heroes are fictional, Sir Girwain feels much more
real to the reader. He is a hero at heart. He is made into a hero because of
his bravery and courage, while Beowulf is a hero because of his super strength
and greatness. Beowulf truly is a hero who comes out of an epic. His bravery
and courage are motivated by personal goals, and he possesses god like
abilities. Sir Girwain’s strength and bravery comes from humbling himself. He
puts his life at risk for the king, stating that he is feeble minded and of the
least strength between all the knights, and that he strongly wishes to take the
Green knight’s challenge so that he can avoid risking Arthur’s life and
instead, put his less valuable one at stake. Unlike Beowulf, Sir Girwain shows
fear, but fights it for his honor and for the king. Beowulf on the other hand
is a hero who has no depth, he is arrogant and only fights to pursue his own
goals. Lastly, unlike other epic heroes, Sir Girwain doesn’t win his battle.
Beowulf is a fictional hero from an epic, while Sir Girwain feels like a true
human hero.

4) Based on
the excerpts in “The Canterbury Tales,” Chaucer’s view of the Church
was clearly skeptical and cynical. Through his characters, the reader can see
how deceptive and corrupt Chaucer thought the church really was. The intentions
of the characters related to the Church are insincere or deceptive. For
example, the Friar bribes people into giving him money in exchange for
forgiveness. The Prioress is more concerned with appearances and how people
perceive her rather than actually helping people. The Monk is completely
materialistic and worldly rather than being humble and obedient to God. The
Pardoner cheats people by playing on their guilt. He tricks them into buy holy
relics, which are actually fake, so that they will be forgiven for their sins.
The Summoner is described as a drunkard and summons people toward sin when it
suits him. These characters are used to symbolize the methods of the Church.
Chaucer uses allegory and satire to expose what he feels are the deceptions and
lies of the Church.

Unit 3 Lesson 8 Quiz

12) In
“Macbeth,” Lady Macbeth is not involved in the plot to
kill Banquo. We know this because in Act 3, Scene 3, Lady Macbeth has a
feeling her husband is plotting something, so she asks him, “What’s to be
done?” To this he replies, “be innocent of the knowledge, dearest
chuck, / Till thou applaud the deed.” Macbeth does not want to worry her,
and decides to keep her out of his plot, so instead he tells her to reflect on
Duncan’s murder. He keeps his plot a secret until everything is done. She
learns of the murder after Banquo is murdered.

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Discussion

Renaissance was huge break from the Middle Ages. In the Middle Ages, the world
lived in a church society. Life at that time was based off of the church and
its rules. No one dared to question the Church and everything was centered
around the Church and God. Art, literature, music, even wars were all motivated
by God and the Church. People never thought outside the Church, never
questioned reality, life, or the world they lived in. The Renaissance was considered
a cultural rebirth. People started to question religion, society, and the
world. People started attaching prime importance to humanity rather than God
and the Church. Humanism started to emerge. Humanist beliefs stressed the
potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasizing human needs,
potential, and achievements. Culture, values, and beliefs shifted towards
humanistic ideals. Through humanism, the Renaissance contributed more advances
in the world of art, literature, science, and architecture. 

(I also
replied to two of my classmates on the discussion board.)




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