Unit battle with Grendel’s mother, even though the

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Unit 1 Test3)Anglo-Saxon society had many values and ideals that stood out through theirliterature.

From reading the epic poem that is Beowulf, a reader who knowsnothing about Anglo-Saxon society and ideals can easily identify their values. Anglo-Saxonvalues are easily shown through the powerful character that is Beowulf. Thesevalues are not only expressed through Beowulf, but also his surroundingcharacters. A few traits that can be easily identified throughout the epic areloyalty, duty, fame, courage, and bravery. Loyalty andduty were among the traits that the Anglo-Saxons valued very highly. This themeis continuously communicated and emphasized throughout the poem. In Beowulf,both loyalty and lack thereof is witnessed.

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Beowulf, the hero, is loyalthroughout. We see this when he gets permission from his king, Hygelac, to helpHrothgar kill the villain that is the monster Grendel. Even though his successin defeating the monster brings him much fame and respect from Hrothgar, heremains loyal to his king and returns to Geatland. Beowulf’s men were also veryloyal.

We see this when they wait for Beowulf to emerge from the lake after hisbattle with Grendel’s mother, even though the Danes has given up. We see lackof loyalty when Beowulf is fighting the dragon, where only Wiglaf stays whilethe others run off in fear, resulting in their banishment, a fate worse thandeath. This truly emphasizes how important loyalty was. This was perhaps one ofthe most important values to the Anglo-Saxons. Fame isanother trait that is highly emphasized throughout the epic.

This was clearlyand important ideal to the Anglo-Saxons. We see this trait appear several timesthroughout the poem. In each battle, Beowulf’s end game is fame. He fights forit as if it is the only thing worth fighting for. The Anglo-Saxons believedthat fame was the only thing that lasted, which is why it was such an importantelement in the battles. AngloSaxon’s also valued courage and bravery. Bravery was mandatory in their society,whether it was in facing a battle or fighting a monster. This bravery isclearly shown in Beowulf himself, as he faces and defeats Grendel, Grendel’sMother, and the dragon.

These are just a few of the values and idealsattributed to Anglo-Saxon society. When focused on the traits of the charactersin Anglo-Saxon literature, there are many more values and ideals that areevident.4) Beowulf’scharacter traits are very similar to other heroes I know, but differ in someway. Their traits are similar, but values are different. Beowulf’s charactertraits included bravery, loyalty, honor, courage, and strength. These traitsare present in modern day heroes as well, but modern day heroes are not limitedto just these traits.

Heroes nowadays have much more depth. Beowulf’s valuesincluded fame from his heroic acts, whereas modern day heroes fight forjustice, freedom, love, or for the sake of helping others. A few examples ofthese modern day heroes are fictional heroes such as Batman, Spiderman, andIron Man. Beowulf’s traits are not only present in fictional heroes, but alsoin real heroes such as Martin Luther King Jr.

or Mahatma Gandhi. These are justa few heroes among the many who exhibit these traits. Unit 2 Lesson 4 DiscussionThecharacters in “The Canterbury Tales” are considerably allegorical. Inthe tales, the characters very clearly embody flaws of medieval society. Thecharacters are very allegorical in the terms that their personalities speaksubliminal messages.

For example, The Friar used his position as a churchofficial for his own gain, rather than to turn people away from sin or to helpthem. He is described as a man who easily forgave all the sinners, as long asthey slipped him some cash. He was always there to listen, for a price. Anothercharacter who embodies the flaws of medieval society is the Prioress. She isdescribed as a delicate, caring woman, who cries over any small tragedy such asthe death of a mouse. She attempts to appear refined, but everything about heris superficial.

Rather than focus on her duties as a nun, she obsesses over herlooks and how people perceive her. Through these characters, we see the greedand corruption going on during those times. The Friar shows the corruptive sideof church through the abuse of his position. These seemingly religiouscharacters do not represent the traditional characteristics of the church. (I alsoreplied to two other classmates on the discussion board)Unit 2 Test1) ThePardoner cheats people by playing on their own guilt. He uses their guilt andtricks them into giving him money.

He is motivated by profit and openly admitsto it when telling the pilgrims his tale, not apologizing for it even once. Heopenly admits that he is after their money, and will do everything necessary tomake them pay for the fake relics. He tricks people by convincing them thatmoney is the root of all evil, and even though he himself is greedy, it isstill the root of all evil and needs to be eradicated. He knows people will payfor pardon because he sees how afraid they are of the Last Judgment, and howguilty they feel.

He uses his stories to manipulate people, leading them toquite literally pay for their sins, which is how he accumulates wealth forhimself. After finishing his tale and admitting to all of his wrongdoings, hestill tries to use his tale to convince the pilgrims to buy his relics inexchange for forgiveness, in case any of them suddenly die on the journey. Thisshows how truly greedy and deceitful he is, and how he is very hypocritical.  2) Traditionally,a summoner is someone who calls people to appear in front of the church courtwhen they have violated the church law. For example, the summoner would callsomeone who has been accused of adultery to appear in front of the churchcourt.

The irony in the words used by the narrator to describe the Summonerappears when he says “Why, he’d allow—just for a quart of wine— / Any goodlad to keep a concubine.” A concubine is like a mistress, and in medievaltimes, having a mistress was considered a grave sin. The Summoner in “TheCanterbury Tales” offered people an out for a sin as long as they gave himwine. Instead of summoning people towards church, the Summoner summoned themtoward sin when it suited him, which is where the irony is. 3) Aside fromthe fact that they are both heroes, Sir Girwain and Beowulf don’t have much incommon. Firstly, Beowulf is a prince, while Sir Girwain is just a knight.

Secondly, even though both heroes are fictional, Sir Girwain feels much morereal to the reader. He is a hero at heart. He is made into a hero because ofhis bravery and courage, while Beowulf is a hero because of his super strengthand greatness. Beowulf truly is a hero who comes out of an epic.

His braveryand courage are motivated by personal goals, and he possesses god likeabilities. Sir Girwain’s strength and bravery comes from humbling himself. Heputs his life at risk for the king, stating that he is feeble minded and of theleast strength between all the knights, and that he strongly wishes to take theGreen knight’s challenge so that he can avoid risking Arthur’s life andinstead, put his less valuable one at stake. Unlike Beowulf, Sir Girwain showsfear, but fights it for his honor and for the king. Beowulf on the other handis a hero who has no depth, he is arrogant and only fights to pursue his owngoals. Lastly, unlike other epic heroes, Sir Girwain doesn’t win his battle.Beowulf is a fictional hero from an epic, while Sir Girwain feels like a truehuman hero. 4) Based onthe excerpts in “The Canterbury Tales,” Chaucer’s view of the Churchwas clearly skeptical and cynical.

Through his characters, the reader can seehow deceptive and corrupt Chaucer thought the church really was. The intentionsof the characters related to the Church are insincere or deceptive. Forexample, the Friar bribes people into giving him money in exchange forforgiveness. The Prioress is more concerned with appearances and how peopleperceive her rather than actually helping people. The Monk is completelymaterialistic and worldly rather than being humble and obedient to God.

ThePardoner cheats people by playing on their guilt. He tricks them into buy holyrelics, which are actually fake, so that they will be forgiven for their sins.The Summoner is described as a drunkard and summons people toward sin when itsuits him.

These characters are used to symbolize the methods of the Church.Chaucer uses allegory and satire to expose what he feels are the deceptions andlies of the Church. Unit 3 Lesson 8 Quiz12) In”Macbeth,” Lady Macbeth is not involved in the plot tokill Banquo. We know this because in Act 3, Scene 3, Lady Macbeth has afeeling her husband is plotting something, so she asks him, “What’s to bedone?” To this he replies, “be innocent of the knowledge, dearestchuck, / Till thou applaud the deed.” Macbeth does not want to worry her,and decides to keep her out of his plot, so instead he tells her to reflect onDuncan’s murder.

He keeps his plot a secret until everything is done. Shelearns of the murder after Banquo is murdered. Unit 4 Lesson 2 DiscussionTheRenaissance was huge break from the Middle Ages. In the Middle Ages, the worldlived in a church society. Life at that time was based off of the church andits rules. No one dared to question the Church and everything was centeredaround the Church and God. Art, literature, music, even wars were all motivatedby God and the Church. People never thought outside the Church, neverquestioned reality, life, or the world they lived in.

The Renaissance was considereda cultural rebirth. People started to question religion, society, and theworld. People started attaching prime importance to humanity rather than Godand the Church. Humanism started to emerge.

Humanist beliefs stressed thepotential value and goodness of human beings, emphasizing human needs,potential, and achievements. Culture, values, and beliefs shifted towardshumanistic ideals. Through humanism, the Renaissance contributed more advancesin the world of art, literature, science, and architecture.  (I alsoreplied to two of my classmates on the discussion board.)   

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