is considered to be music produced by early literate societies.
Prehistoric, or primitive,
music includes all music created in preliterate cultures.
is the use of archaeological techniques in the study of music.
is a French cave that has red dots on the ceiling to note these special acoustic spots in the cave.
Divje Babe flute
was found in Slovenia and it appears to date to about 50,000 years ago.
Lutes and string harps were played as early as 4000 BCE. lyres, clarinets, tambourines, trumpets, and guitars.
refers to a set of fragmentary relics as well as a nearly complete example of notated music from around 1400 BCE.
a collection of hymns, was used in ancient times with religious rituals. FROM INDIA
is a written discourse on the performing arts, including music, dance, stage performances, and so on.
or having a single melody with no accompaniment.
included poems that were accompanied by instrumental music, often from a lyre.
“Epitaph of Seikilos
One of the most famous ancient Greek songs to have survived to the present day is known as the
is the music that was produced in medieval Europe.
Chants (also known as plainsong)
are a type of monophonic sacred music.
were often sung by male choirs and the music is still used for worship today.
were used before the modern day scales that we are more familiar with.
Seven different modes were used to compose and play music:
Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, and Locrian.
uses two or more independent melodies.
was the addition of a second voice, sung in tandem, to Gregorian chants.
Hildegard von Bingen,
One of the most famous organum composers during this period was _________, who lived in the twelfth century.
a musical form that became popular in the late medieval period, featured multiple voices with a complex rhythm
were traveling poet-musicians who traveled from place to place, singing and performing for the nobility.
which were signs written above the chant words to indicate where the voices should rise and where they should fall in tone.
Guillaume de Machaut,.
who lived from 1300 to 1377. Both a poet and composer, Machaut wrote over one hundred songs and was one of the first to write polyphonic music.
polyphonic music, similar to an organum, but the speed of the song is much quicker