UNIVERSITY OFAGRICULTURE, FAISALABADDEPARTMENTOF FOOD, NUTRITION AND HOME SCIENCESSynopsis for M. Sc (Hons) clothingand textile DegreeTITLE: Role of Antibacterial HerbalFinish on Textiles Name of Student : Shumaila Mumtaz Bakhtawer Registration # : 2016-ag-49 Name of Supervisor : Ms. Anum AsgharABSTRACTTextile is animportant part of our life, whether it is our clothing, medical relatedtextile, sports related textiles or home textiles. It contacts with our skin isall aspects.
So it should be hygienic, non-toxic and sometime have curing powerof any disease. For this purpose, many herbs such as neem, turmeric, garlic,aloe vera, henna, peepal, lime and banyan leaves etc. can be use and can alsobe used as eco-friendly textile and known as herbal textiles which is non-toxicfor skin and have healing power. These herbs are extracted and applied on fabricand can be used for curing the disease from headache to cancer and can increasethe Mechanical properties, Strength, Elasticity, Durability and Bio-compatibilityof textile. NEEDOF THE PROJECTPlants are an organic source of healing products especiallyin medical. The old experts uses crude pyrolysis method for medicine extractfrom stem part of medicinal plants and use the oily substance extracted fromplants for the treatment of pain, inflammation and other musculoskeletaldisorders. There are many plants available for the cure of diseases rangingfrom headache to cancer.
The term HerbalTextile is used for a textile material in which herbal extractions is involved completelyfor dyeing or finishing, and not using any type of chemicals. These herbsdiffer from natural dyes like vegetable dyes as well as have medicinal value. Theblend of herbs and oils which is used to infuse clothing made from organic cottonfabric and promotes health and therapeutic special diseases.Herbalists useextraction from plants parts, includes roots or leaves but not detach specificphytochemicals. They discussed that the herbs can improve the healing effectsof the herb and lesser toxicity.The healing value ofherbal treated textile (or herbal garment) and its usage are based on theprinciple of touch.
When the body comes in contact with the herbal cloth, itloses toxins and its metabolism is enhanced. These garments help in fightingmany common and prevalent diseases such as hypertension, heart ailments,asthma, diabetes and skin diseases. For diabetes, Mimosa pudica (touch-me-not),cumon/cumin seeds, Magnolia champaca (champa flower) and Hibiscus rosa-sinensisor shoe flower are combined in the herbal dye. The main herbs used in theherbal dye for arthritis are curry leaves and apocynceae. Whereas, for skindiseases, the herbs used are turmeric, neem, indigo and sandalwood. Rubiacordifola, majith are known to be effective against diseases like leprosy.
Katha, catechu is used for treatment of parasitic infestation and itching.Textiles treatedwith medical herbs can be used in medical gown, operation room theatre fabricetc. also by application of wound healing herbals on cotton have a scope inwound healing/ wound dressing manufacturing.Antibacterial agentscan be applied on textile materials (fabrics) so as to protect the wearer frominfection. Antimicrobial textiles with improved functionality finds a varietyof applications such as health and hygiene products, specially the garmentsworn close to the skin and several medical applications, such as infection controland barrier material. Herbal antimicrobial finish is one of the specialfinishes which can be applied to the textile material to protect the skin ofthe wearer and the textile substrate itself.
There is a vastresource of natural antimicrobial agent/antimicrobial finish which can be usedfor imparting antimicrobial property to textile substrates. Some of mostly usednatural antimicrobial agents are clove, cardamom, curry leaves, neem, tulsi stem,leave, aloevera, etc. But most of them are carcinogenic. Several studies havebeen done on antimicrobial activity of cotton fabric treated with aloe gelextract, effect of laundering on herbal finishes, antibacterial treatment oncotton fabric from neem oil, aloe vera &tulsi etc. Neem has been recognized as one of the mostpromising sources of compounds with insect control, antibacterial and medicinalproperties. Neem has also received a lot of attention worldwide for itspotential use as a herbal pesticide and other healthcare formulations incountries such as China, USA, France, Germany, Italy, etc. The active ingredients of Neem are found in allparts of the tree but in general, seed, bark, leaves and roots are used forextraction purpose.
The Neem extracts have been widely used in herbal pesticideformulation because of its pest repellent properties has a potential to inhibitgrowth of bacteria both Gram positive and Gram negative.Neem (Azadirachta Indica) productsare well known for their antifungal and antibacterial property. The neemextract obtained from the trees leaves when fixed on the woven fabric withfixing agents; it shows some interesting physical and biological properties.The finished product was subjected to IR, wicking, antibacterial tests forcommercial exploration.Effectiveneem Self Cure for Common and ChronicAilments’ suggests that the primary purpose of neem leaves is the treatment ofvaata disorders or neuromuscular pains. Then come the other benefits: purifythe blood, prevent damage caused by free radicals in the body, remove toxins, andtreat insect bites and ulcers. Neem leaves haveanti-bacterial properties which is why it works wonders on infections, burnsand any kind of skin problems.
It destroys the bacteria that causes infections,stimulates the immune system and encourages rapid healing.Neem flowers can be used to treatanorexia, nausea, belching and intestinal worms. Ayurveda suggests neem leaves aregood for the eyes and useful in treating skin disease and headaches. They’reused in aromatherapy because of their calming effect. A 2008 study also foundthe alcoholic extract of the neem flowers to be an effective contraceptive.
REVIEWOF LITERATUREA Bandage is a standardof biomaterial used on wound to protect from infections and also to cure thewound. An adhesive bandage, also called a sticking plaster is a small dressingused for injuries not serious enough to require a full-size bandage. Theadhesive bandage protects the cut from friction, bacteria, damage and dirt. Inthis present study of 50%:50% Bamboo Cotton web was selected for theconstruction of bandage functional part.
In functional part of web was finishedwith eco-friendly natural leaves of Galinsoga parviflora and Neem. For thefinished web the antibacterial assessment EN ISO 20645 and anti-allergyassessment of the finished fabric contact allergy test (in house method) wascarried out. From the test, it was concluded as 50%:50% Bamboo cotton finishedwith Galinsoga parviflora and Neem has excellent wound curing property whencompared to 50%:50% Bamboo cotton finished with Galinsoga parviflora. Thisstudy used to prevent the skin allergy, protect from the Bacteria and also tocure the skin diseas. (Sumithra M)The traditionalapplications of textiles in healthcare, including non-implantable materials,such as wipes and swabs, gauzes, bandages, wound dressing, surgical wear,masks, orthopedic applications, light support and compression garments, arealso receiving constant attention for more innovative developments to providebetter care and cure.
However, recent radical developments in the field ofsurgical implants, extracorporeal devices, tissue engineering, antimicrobialbarrier fabrics, hard-tissue applications in orthopedic implants,cardiovascular devices, endovascular treatments, biosorbable polymeric and even”wearable vitaminized” fibre materials have resulted in radical changes in themedical textile industry. To develop these new applications, polymerscientists, physicist, doctors and textile researchers have joined hands inconducting the required advanced multi-disciplinary experiments.( Rajesh D.Anandjiwala)When the textile isdyed with the extractions obtained from various herbs, they are referred to asHerbal Textile. When the dyeing is done with herbal extractions, no chemicalsare used in its dyeing process. Whereas, some chemicals such as copper sulphateand ferrous sulphate, are used as catalysts when dyeing is done with vegetabledyes.
So, herbal dyes are different from vegetable dyes as they also carry someor the other medicinal value. Herbal garment products are made withoutpesticides, fertilizers, antibiotics, growth hormones, genetically modifiedorganisms, additives, irradiation or sewage sludge. Textile industry has becomesomewhat conscious about its negative contribution to the environment pollutionthrough the textile chemicals used in its various manufacturing process. Environmentalfriendly fibers such as organic cotton & recycled polyester have becomepopular among the fabrics & apparel manufacturers. However, after thesefabrics or the finished garments are manufactured, they have to be dyed in thesame chemicals dyes that are very harmful to the environment. Apart fromgrowing cotton, dyeing is a major area of concern for people who have chemicalsensitivities.
Garments finishing techniques like wrinkle free, &non-shrink may also be harmful people with sensitive skin. They may causenausea, breathing difficulties, seizures etc. Herbal dyeing is one step aheadof organic life style.
It supports the core concept of organic to eliminateimpact of harmful chemicals & pesticides. It avoids many ailments that arecommon with conventional clothing. ( Mr. Prafull P. Kolte1, Mr. Vijay S.
Shivankar2, Mr. Ramachandran M3) In Neem, wound hasstated as tissue destruction and discoloration of viable tissue due to variousetiology. In Sushruta Samhita, Sushruta described Vrana as a main subject. Mostcommonly Vrana can be classified into (chronic wound/nonhealing ulcers). Amongthe various drugs mentioned for two of them, Neem oil and Curcuma longa Linn. Powderis selected for their wide spectrum action on wound. (Anjali Singh, Anil KumarSingh, G.
Narayan,1 TejaB. Singh,2 and VijayKumar Shukla)Medical textiles areone of the major growth areas within technical textile and the use textilematerials for the medical and health care products ranges from bandagematerials to scaffolds tissue culturing and large variety of theses forpermanent body implants. It will be stressed that one of the high tech ofmedical textile is the application of bandages for enhancing the quality oflife. The use of the textile fibres in medical application is becoming verypopular. There is no doubt that this diversification will lead to a resurgenceof the textile industry.
(AbdulWahid Dadhiwale )One such attempt isdevelopment of wound dressing with neem leaves and turmeric. The qualitativeand quantitative analysis of the major bioactive constitutions of methanolextracts of Terminalia Chebulahas been studied, which prove their potential inresisting a wide range of bacteria. Eco friendly natural antifungal finish hasbeen prepared from plant extract and applied on textile material. Antibacterialfabric has been developed using.
Murraya koengii (curry leave) and Zingiberofficinale (ginger) oil. It is also intended to produce eco-friendlyantimicrobial cotton fabric and to protect the consumer from microorganism’scontamination. Certain plant extracts with good antimicrobial properties havebeen applied on cotton, bamboo, and soya bean fabrics and assessed forantimicrobial properties. (N Gokarneshan*, U Dhatchayani, R Malathi, Aathira, RSanthip and Archana Vishnu)”Bed sores” owetheir name to the observation that patients who were bedridden and not properlyrepositioned would often develop ulcerations or sores on their skin, typicallyover bony prominences. These bed sores, which result from prolonged pressure,are also called “decubitus ulcers,” “pressure sores,” “skin breakdown,” and”pressure ulcers.” They are associated with adverse health outcomes and hightreatment costs. This study focuses on developing herbal finish to prevent bedsores. For this purpose, functional finishing was utilized to produce a bedsorepreventing fabric.
Plain weave cotton fabric was dyed by using herbal extracts,dried, and then cured. Two samples in different ratios (1:?2 and 2:?1) of twoherbal extracts (Mangifera indica and Triphala dried fruits) were prepared withand without binder (chitosan). Air permeability, wicking ability, Drop Test forabsorbency, and antibacterial properties were examined for those samples. Basedon the results, fabric dyed with Mangifera indica and Triphala dried fruits inthe ratio of 2:?1 with chitosan is determined as the most promising combinationfor the final product.
( Ajoy K. Sarkar., 2014)Neem leaves(Azadirachta Indica) have active ingredients such as nimbidin and sodiumnimbidate which possess/possesinganti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungaland antiviral properties that help in healing process and also contains anexcellent nutrition which plays/playing a vital role information of collagenand formation of new capillaries. The aim of this experimental study is toevaluate healing activity of neem leaves. (Naveen Kumar Chundran,Ike Rostikawati Husen, Irra Rubianti)Herbs have beenintegral to both traditional and non-traditional forms of medicine dating backat least 5000 years. The enduring popularity of herbal medicines may beexplained by the perception that herbs cause minimal unwanted side effects.
More recently, scientists increasingly rely on modern scientific methods andevidence-based medicine to prove efficacy of herbal medicines and focus onbetter understanding of mechanisms of their action. However, informationconcerning quantitative human health benefits of herbal medicines is still rareor dispersed, limiting their proper valuation. Preparations from traditional medicinalplants are often used for wound healing purposes covering a broad area ofdifferent skin-related diseases. Herbal medicines in wound management involvedisinfection, debridement, and provision of a suitable environment for aidingthe natural course of healing. Here we report on 22 plants used as woundhealing agents in traditional medicine around the world. The aim of this reviewis therefore to review herbal medicines, which pose great potential foreffective treatment of minor wounds. (Tina Maver MPharm,, Uroš Maver PhD,MPharm, Karin Stana Kleinschek PhD, Dragica M.
Smrke PhD, MD, Samo Kreft PhD,MPharm., 2015)Medical textile isan emerging area with numerous uses, Medical textile products are produced fromhigh performance textile materials that are manufactured primarily for theirfunctional and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorativeproperties. Studies have carried out in the present work to impart theproperties of WOUND HEALING and antibacterial finishes in medical textilesproducing a “MEDICATED HERBAL BANDAGE”. An eco-friendly natural finish has beenprepared from the medicinal herb –extracts to achieve the properties of woundhealing and antimicrobial finish.
Ethanol extract of the herbs were directlyapplied on % on cotton gauze by pad- dry- cure method. Padding was carried outin padding mangle at pressure of 3psi to get a pickup of 100% on weight offabric. Drying and curing was carried out at 80 degree Celsius for 3 mintsrespectively. Thus the medicated herbal bandage has been prepared. The treatedand untreated samples are tested using test methods like SEM, FTIR and WOUNDHEALING and ANTIBACTERIAL TESTS and ABSORBENCY TESTS.
(Rajan.S)Herbs play asignificant role in pharmaceutical industries as lifesaving drugs. This callsfor the discovery of new antimicrobial compounds with diverse chemicalstructures and novel mechanisms of action. The present study focuses onimparting antimicrobial finish to the denim fabric using natural herbalextracts. (American Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2014 2 (1), pp26-30.
DOI: 10.12691/ajmbr-2-1-5)MATERIALSAND MEHODS Materials The wound dressing consists of Primarylayer and wound contact layer, both are joined by adhesives and finally it iscovered by releasable label. Primary layer is Spunbond -meltblown–spunbond(SMS) nonwoven white fabric primarily composed of polypropylene filaments. TheSMS fabric is considered to possess good filtration ability. Wound Contactlayer is a Spunlace nonwoven fabric composed of viscose and polyester. Thismaterial is placed on to the primary layer which helps to adhere in the wound.In this paper twoherbal components have been identified based on the fact that these componentsaid in the process of wound healing by providing an anti-microbial andanti-bacterial effect. The herbal components are extracted from neem andCurcumin as the above herbal components have been identified as thecomplementary constituents in promoting accelerated wound healing.
All thesecomponents are in powder form, which are taken in known weights and are mixedthoroughly in lukewarm distilled water. There different solutions were preparedinitially: 1. 50% : 50% Neem:Curcumin 2. 70% : 30% Neem:Curcumin 3. 30% : 70% Neem: Curcumin The test solutions were allowed tosettle down in the room temperature with intermittent shaking given to thosecontainers containing the solutions. In the subsequent stages, the herbalconstituent was modified due to reduced shelf life of the herbal impregnatedwound contact layer, as the fabric structure developed fungus/mildew at roomtemperature. In addition, the fine particles of herbal constituent alsoproduced very rough fabric surface.
Therefore, the herbal solution was filteredtwice to remove coarse particles and a clear and fine herbal solution free fromundissolved particles was obtained. A mild colorless clear liquid, 8% of Crosslinking agent that is soluble in water was used as a preservative to increaseshelf life of the dressing. The following combinations were explored:Methodology Various types oftextile substrates primarily composed of nonwoven fabric free from lint andhypoallergenic to skin are proposed for the study. The wound contact layerreinforced on to the textile substrate is a liquid repellent nonwoven fabric.The contact layer is incorporated with desired composition of neem and curcuminextracts, the composition and method of application is carried out usingpadding mangle method. However several percentage of composition of neem andcurcumin would be evaluated for its performance. The primary layer is given anadhesive coating on the side which adheres on to the skin.
The wound contactside of the dressing is protected using release label. The wound dressing is aflexible adhesive based dressing which can be applied on to various contours ofbody. The wound contact layer of each dressing is protected from externalenvironment with adhesive release paper. The dressing is proposed to be sealedand packed in a transparent pouch which allows the user to examine the dressingprior to application.
Procedure forWound Dressing Preparation The primary layer was cut according tothe required length. That layer is a non-woven material produced by SMStechnique. And the wound contact layer is cut according to the primary layerwidth non-woven material produced by spunlace technique and reinforced thosetwo layers by using adhesive and finally the releasable lable is pasted on thesurface to protece the wound dressingREFERENCES