US History Chapter 14

Topic: Thomas Jefferson
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Last updated: May 1, 2019
When the House voted on the Wilmot Proviso, the vote was split along
Sectional Lines

How did southerners react to Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election of 1860?
They launched a movement to secede from the Union.

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The Republicans were successful in the election of 1860 because
they were able to win decisively in the North.

Nativists disliked Irish and German immigrants because so many of the immigrants were
Roman Catholic

Why did popular sovereignty fail in the 1854 Kansas elections?
illegal voting by Missouri residents

Who among the following was NOT a presidential candidate in the 1860 election?
Millard Filmore

The key organizer of the Compromise of 1850 was
Henry Clay

In the Dred Scott v. Sandford decision, the court did NOT rule that
the Democratic platform was unconstitutional.

In the Pottawatomie Massacre,
John Brown and his followers killed five proslavery settlers in cold blood.

Why did it take months to push the Compromise of 1850 though Congress?
X.

President Taylor opposed the compromise, and congressmen kept granting key concessions to rival parties. President Taylor was for the compromise, but congressmen kept granting key concessions to rival parties. President Taylor died and was succeeded by Millard Fillmore, who opposed the compromise.

Why was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 so vehemently opposed by northerners?
It permitted slavery in an area where it had previously been prohibited.

The radical abolitionist ________ burned a copy of the Constitution to protest slavery.
William Lloyd Garrison

How was the election of James Buchanan in 1856 viewed by southerners?
with a temporary sense of relief

In the case of Dred Scott v.

Sandford,

a slave sued on the grounds that he had lived in a free state and so he should be a free man.

The first broad, sectional, antislavery party was the
Free-soil party

Northern evangelicalism focused on ___________ while southern evangelicalism focused on ____________.
self-discipline and social reform; personal piety

The growing division between North and South during the 1840s and 1850s
was increasingly seen in cultural and intellectual terms.

The Republican Party’s nominating convention for the presidential election revealed that it
was primarily a sectional party

The term “second-party system” describes
the vigorous competition between Whigs and Democrats.

The Ostend Manifesto was a memorandum that accused the Pierce administration of
wanting to create a “Caribbean slave empire” by annexing Cuba.

Which best explains the rapid growth of the Republican Party in the 1850s?
position on slavery in the territories

Why did the Republican Party call for “free soil” in the territories rather than freedom for African Americans?
X. The party was focusing on “free soil” as a first step in the eventual freedom of all African Americans. Putting the focus on the laws of the land rather than the freedoms of African Americans would prevent isolating the hard line racists in the party.

Which describes an important result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
It had catastrophic effects on sectional harmony.

According to the principle of popular sovereignty, ________ would determine whether a territory would have slavery.
Settlers

In the presidential election of 1856, the Republican Party’s platform endorsed
prohibiting slavery in the territories.

The Free Soil movement supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories because
of racial prejudice and fear of labor competition from freed slaves.

In 1856, Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina almost beat Senator ________ of Massachusetts to death on the floor of the U.S. Senate.

Charles Sumner

The political party known especially for its anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic philosophy was the
Know nothing party

In the 1850s, the most important example of literary abolitionism was
Uncle Tom’s Cabin

The Compromise of 1850
temporarily restored sectional peace.

John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry
increased southern fears of northern hostility.

As a result of the revised Fugitive Slave Law in the Compromise of 1850, it became
easier to kidnap and enslave free African Americans.

In his debates with Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln
suggested that not opposing slavery was the same as endorsing it.

During the 1840s, which statement was true of most northerners?
They disliked slavery and detested abolitionism.

A smaller conflict over slavery, which prefigured the American Civil War, was fought in which state during the late 1850s?
Kansas

Why did Uncle Tom’s Cabin have such an emotional impact Americans in the 1850s?
It portrayed slavery as a threat to the family and the Cult of Domesticity.

In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up territorial government on the basis of
popular sovereignty.

Which does NOT help explain why the Whig Party’s candidate failed overwhelmingly in the 1852 presidential campaign?
The Whig nominee lost northern support by allying himself with the antislavery wing of the party.

In order to gain southern support for the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas had to add an amendment explicitly repealing the
Missouri Compromise

How did the acquisition of Texas, New Mexico, and California cause conflict in the United States?
The Constitution did not establish the status of slavery in future states, so whether or not those territories would allow slavery was hotly debated.

Why was it difficult for northern abolitionists to mount a legal attack against the institution of slavery in southern states?
The Constitution protected state laws that allowed slavery.

Which was the intended message of southern literature during the 1840s and 1850s?
.

What was Abraham Lincoln’s position on slavery in his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1858 Senate race?
He favored restricting slavery to the states where the Constitution protected it.

What do most modern historians believe was the underlying cause of the breakup of the Union?
ideological differences over the morality and utility of slavery

Which famous writer wrote proslavery polemics?
Edgar Allan Poe

The Wilmot Proviso proposed to ban slavery
In territory acquired from mexico

How did Democrats differ from Whigs over annexation and slavery in new territories?
Democrats endorsed expansion and a division of free and slave territories, while Whigs opposed annexation to avoid the slavery debate.

The most outrageous component of the Compromise of 1850 was the
enactment of the new Fugitive Slave Law.

Between 1856 and 1860, the explosive tensions between ________ led to a growing sense that the two groups could no longer coexist in the same nation.

northerners and southerners

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, involved
X.a group of white and black abolitionists killing three slave owners and wounding five others. a slave rebellion that resulted in the deaths of 18 whites and all of the slaves.

Choose your subject

x

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