a formal expression of praise, a formal speech praising a person who has diedWriting an eulogy for my mother’s funeral was the hardest speech I have ever had to write.
…, the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort) We look through our scrapbook as a way to reminiscence on old memories.
a person skilled in telling witty, entertaining anecdotesJane is a brilliant raconteur with a bight future ahead of her.
, excessively or hypocritically piousI would be more open to your beliefs, if you weren’t so sanctimonious.
…, speak as if delivering a sermon
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea; speak, plead, or argue in favour of
…, a humorist who uses ridicule and irony and sarcasm
depressing in character or appearance
…, vocally expressing grief or sorrow or resembling such expression
a deliberate discourteous act (usually as an expression of anger or disapproval); reject outright and bluntly
…, (v.) to bring up or begin to talk about (a subject); to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to pierce; (n.) a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks
marked by skill in deception, especially if very clever
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said”It’s an understatement to say that someone that got 100% on a test did okay.”
the act of appealing for help, usually at the beginning of a religious ritual”The worship service began with an invocation to bring reassurance to those who were suffering.”
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage”The playwright wrote an aside, spoken by the protagonist to let the audience in on a secret that none of the other characters could know about.”
an insufficient quantity or number”We could not confirm nor deny the hypothesis due to the paucity of the data.”
conformity to the facts, accurate; unwillingness to tell lies”To check the veracity of this essay, double check all of the cited sources.”, unwillingness to tell lies
contrary to what common sense would suggest”The fact that the earth is round seems very counterintuitive because it seems like it would be flat.”
…, an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time”In court cases, lawyers usually try to find precedents set in previous cases that will favor their clients.”
…, a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary)”People that are said to be illegal residents of the U.S. can’t be deported unless the government finds evidence supporting the assertion.”
…, one who lives in solitude
disappointingly unsuccessful, blocked, prevented
…, walks from place to place, traveler; especially one who travels on foot
…, any person who exercises power in a cruel way
…, most unfortunate or miserable
…, humorously sarcastic or mocking
…, a feeling of intense dislike
1) the rear part of a ship (true, but not on test)2) severe and unremitting in making demands (on test)
a strong warning or reprimand”Do I really need to repeat my admonition to avoid the R.O.U.S.-es, the flame spurts, and the lightning sand?”
18th Century: a combination of both horror and Romantic literary traditions; settings include dark moors, haunted castles, gargoyles, foggy marshes, mad scientists, and melodramatic plotlines; Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818) is an example of the Romantic Gothic novel; Edgar Allan Poe’s mid-19th century Victorian Gothic tales arrived after the Gothic novel had fallen out of favor with the elite in England; Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey (1818) is the most well known satire of the Gothic novel, or mock-gothic.
A mode of literature rather than a genre; the pastoral explores the life of the everyday rural experience, esp. that of the sherpherd; the shepherd is often a Christ figure, guarding the flock; Classical pastorals, such as Hesiod’s “Works and Days,” demonstrates people in harmony with nature, such as in Eden, (and includes a shepherd); other pastorals are meant to suggest an alternative to urban life (and usually include a shepherd).
Surrealism is a style and a movement; it presents the absurd as representative, unexpected juxtapositions as logical truths, and relies heavily on non sequitur (a comment so meaningless to what follows that it is comical); “How many surrealists does it take to change a light bulb? Banana.” The above surrealist painting by Salvador Dali is called “The Persistence of Memory.”
A literary school of thought that thrived from around 1840 to 1940s; the assumption is that human behavior is affected by heredity, the environment, and social forces; Naturalism rose in opposition to Romanticism, which stressed the ability of individuals to determine one’s own fate. Darwin’s “Origins of Species” was very influenctial. Where Romanticism is highly symbolic, Naturalism is literal, and where Romanticism explores magic, monsters, and all things Gothic, Naturalism dealt with the everyday as worthy of its own literature. “Stephen Crane’s “The Red Badge of Courage” is an example of naturalism”
A mode of literature in which the work demonstrates a clear admiration for the ancient Greek and Roman models of literature and seeks to emulate their forms; Classicism is found in literature, architecture, music, drama, dance, etc. “The dome, pillars, and frieze found in the U.S. Capitol building are all representative of Classicism expressed in architecture.”