Type: Definition Essays
Sample donated: Chelsea Leonard
Last updated: October 2, 2019
Abraham Joseph OcampoVisual Art17 January 2018Cubism ArtWhat are the different types of cubism? There are two different types of cubism- Analytical cubism (1907-12) and Synthetic cubism (1913 through the 1920s). The beginning of the cubism movement (or the first phase) was called analytical cubism which was from the 1907 to 1912. The first step in order to create an analytical cubism artwork is to analyse and observe the subject or the scene they are going to draw. Then the scene is broken into different parts or blocks and these parts are built and painted in various styles and angles.
A good examples of analytical cubism is the “Glass On The Table” by Georges Braque. Moving on, synthetic cubism was the second ending of the cubism movement or the second phase. Synthetic cubism was after analytical cubism. It was from 1913 to the 1920’s.
This second part of the cubism movement was the idea to add different materials in different blocks or parts of the cubism art. These materials included coloured papers, newspaper and other different kinds of materials to represent each block of the cubism art. Synthetic cubism introduced brighter colours and a lighter mood to the art period. Examples of synthetic art are “The Sunblind” by Juan Gris, “Papier Collie” by Pablo Picasso and “Violin’ by Pablo Picasso.
A few famous cubist artists are Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. How would you describe their main characteristics?As I mentioned before, Analytical cubism was the first phase of the cubism movement and was followed by synthetic cubism. In analytical cubism, subjects are fragmented into many small parts that blend with one another and with the background. These fragmented parts are then built in different styles and angles. Analytical cubism, has very muted and dull colours when compared to synthetic cubism. Synthetic cubism is also similar to analytical cubism- fragmenting the subject into blocks and putting them in different angles and styles.
However, in synthetic cubism, each parts could be made of different materials – from newspapers and playing cards to cigarette packs. Artists either used the real materials or painted these on the flat plane of a canvas as they tried to achieve the interpenetration of life and art. Also bold and bright colours were used in synthetic cubism. Bright red, greens, and yellows added emphasis to the artwork.Where and when did Cubism Art evolved?Cubism began in Paris around 1907. Through this movement which was led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, artist broke the usual tradition of painting a single viewpoint.
Instead they used analytical cubism in which three-dimensional subjects were fragmented and re-built from different points of view or angles. Cubism ended around 1922.Which art movements came before and after Cubism?Before cubism, there was expressionism. Expressionism art was focused on communicating spirituality and feeling in art. After Expressionism, came cubism. Cubism approached a new way of describing space, volume and mass. In short, it opened new paths towards abstract art.
It abandoned perspective and realistic painting. After cubism, there was futurism. Futurism art usually reflected advanced technology and modernity.
Futurism artist destroyed old forms of culture. Instead, they demonstrated the beauty of modern life. Why did Cubism evolved? Why is it significant? Cubism was a revolutionary style of modern art developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques.. Due to the development of new technologies like photography, motor cars, airplanes, etc… artists felt a need for a new approach, a new perspective that would expand the possibilities of art as the new technologies were extending the opportunities for communication and travel.
This new approach was Cubism, also known as the first abstract style of modern art. Cubism was considered a new way of representing the world and it rejected realistic painting and perspective drawings. cubism movement was a very significant one as it gave way to modern abstract art. In other words, without cubism, there would be no modern art.
Is Cubism influenced by any culture in art history?Artists in the cubism movement thought that Western art were overrated and boring. So they drew art from other cultures, especially from the African art. The simplified shapes in African art attracted cubist artist to include and incorporate this style into their own work.
In addition, The cubists felt that the old traditions of western art which had been unchanged and boring since the renaissance and they wanted a new change to the common methods set by the academy. About this time, the French post-impressionist artist, Paul Gauguin travelled to Tahiti, South Africa and painted Tahiti’s natural surroundings. This was revolutionary as this event made primitive art more popular. Primitive art was not greatly known outside Africa but other artists were also slowly beginning to notice these cultural differences. Slowly primitive art became famous and Cubists incorporated Primitive art inside their artworks. Therefore, with a new idea on painting from multiple viewpoints and the opportunities of new cultural experiences, the cubists became enthusiastic about re-inventing modern art.Research on two cubism artists’ biography and artistic style and choose one of their artworks (picture of the artwork only and its title).Pablo PicassoBiographyPablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 to April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker and ceramicist.
He is one of the greatest and influential artists of the 20th century and the co-creator of Cubism. Artist StylePicasso had an was open to different styles. He often moved between different styles – sometimes even in the same artwork. Pablo Picasso painted and created artworks in different art periods- Cubism, Surrealism, Modern art, Picasso’s Rose Period, Modernism, Picasso’s rose period, Post-Impressionism, Symbolism, Picasso’s African Period, etc….
1 ArtworkGirl With A Mandolin Georges BraqueBiographyGeorges Braque was a French painter born on May 13, 1882, in France. He spent his childhood in Le Havre and planned to follow the family tradition by becoming a house painter. Georges Braque is Artist StyleBraque began his art career using an Impressionistic style.
Around 1905, he moved on to a Fauvist style after viewing works exhibited by the Fauves. The Fauves’ style included bold colors and loose-form structures to create deep emotions. From 1909 to 1914, Braque and Pablo Picasso collaborated to develop Cubism. Braque’s style was influenced by World War I and World War II. after World War I, when his art became less structured and planned. In end of the 1920s, he again changed his style and his painting contained more realistic interpretations of nature, though there was always features of cubism in his works.
World War II made Braque to more sad and dull scenes. After the war, he painted lighter subjects such as birds, landscapes and the sea. 1 ArtworkFruit Dish and GlassCitations”Cubism.” Duckster, Duckster, www.ducksters.com/history/art/cubism.
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