Those Greeks who were able to immaculate wealth during the _____ eventually emerged as the Greek aristocracy
Hospitality & Gift Giving
Homer’s poetry describes a world in which warrior aristocrats reinforce social ties through ________
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Excessive pride, which was punished by the gods
The Greeks became literate again during the 9th century B.C.E. by adopting the ______
Anatolia (present-day Turkey) and Italy
By the sixth century B.C.E.
Greeks found numerous colonies around the Mediterranean basin. The most historically significant colonies were in ______
Since every polis needed ______ the men who took part began to demand a role in politics
Archaic Age Greek aristocrats
In the symposium, ________ enjoyed wine and listened to poetry
A Greek aristocrat who seized power and ruled outside the traditional constitutional framework was called a ____
Democracy originated in Greece from the idea of the _____, which literally means neighborhood
____ is important in the history of Athenian government because he championed the cause of the demos and took steps to limit the power of the aristocracy.
The first historian of the Western world was ____
The ___ were begun by a revolt instigated by the Ionian Greeks against the Persians
During the second Persian War, _____ persuaded his fellow Athenians to abandon the city of Athens and let the Persians burn it
According to the historian Thucydides, the _____ began because of the growing power of Athens, and the fear and envy it inspired in Sparta
____ imposed oligarchy as a form of government by the defeated Athenians and their allies
Socrates’ most important pupil was ___
Alexander the Great
____ is said to have taken two books with him on his conquest of Persia; one was Homer’s Illiad and the other was Xenophon’s Anabasis
The Theban Sacred Band
The _____ was an elite military unit composed entirely of male couples.
Whereas Plato conceived of politics as a means toward living the good life, Aristole regarded politics an end in itself
Rediscover their lost unity by an invasion of Persia
The 4th century B.
C.E. in Greece witnessed a confused political terrain, with many attempting to discover a direction for the Greeks; among these was Isocrates, who believed that Greeks could ___
Philip II of Macedon’s early success had much to do with his reorganization of the _____
League of Corinth
The ultimate aim of the _____ was to invade Persia.
The Political and Military alliance by which the Macedonians united ____ under their own rule was known as the League of Corinth
“Son of Ammon”
Alexander was aided in his conquest of Egypt by being proclaimed as the ____ by the sun god’s oracle
All of the male rulers of Macedonian Egypt the name _____
To highlight their authority and status in the former Persian Empire, ____ rulers used terms in proclamation reminiscent of earlier Mesopotamian rulers
With the expansion of population in the Hellenistic urban centers, Middle and Near Eastern cities reached population levels that Europe would not reach until the ___
The ____ believed that the cosmos is an ordered whole in which all contradictions are resolved of the ultimate good
Revolved around the sun
Aristarchus of Samos was unusual among Hellenistic astronomers because he believed that the earth ____
Scientific development during the ____ was of such a degree that the era may be compared favorable to the seventeeth-century scientific revolution.