Western civilization: chapter 9

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Last updated: December 1, 2019

The dramatic increases in European population between 1000-1300
were primarily due to an increase birth rate outstripping high medieval mortality rates

Which of the following places was significant land “reclaimed” from the sea
Netherlands

The carruca was
a heavy wheeled iron tipped plow

Basic staple food of peasant diet was
bread

The high number of fights and accidents described in medieval court records may plausibly be attributed to
the high consumption of alcohol

Women were considered
subservient to men and subject to male authority

The main part of a medieval castle is called the
keep

Combative tournaments involving knights
were considered by knights to be excellent and necessary training for warfare

Marriages among the aristocracy in the high middle ages
were expected to establish political alliances between families and increase their wealth

By the twelfth century, divorce among novels was
bot possible

Area that assumed a leading role in the revival of trade in the middle ages
italy

Merchant cities in northern europe, frequently ending in burg or borough grew up in the 1100s around
the castles of noblemen

to protect their interests against nobles, townspeople often formed
communes

As a whole, medieval cities tended to be
relatively undemocratic, the wealthy usually ruled and voted in civic elections

Medieval cities
had skylines dominated by the towers of churches, castles, and town halls

Guilds
organizations of nobles working to keep a tight rein on society

The first university appeared in (europe)
Bruges

The curriculum of the medieval university
consisted of the trivium and quadrivium

The writer from classical antiquity who came to be vied as the master of those who know was
Aristotle

Peter Abelard’s most famous work was
Sic et Non (yes and no)

The medieval theological debate between the scholastic realists an nominalists
centered around the problem of universals and the nature of reality

Vernacular means
local language

Troubadour poetry was chiefly concerned with
the courtly love of nobles, knights, and ladies

Much of the surplus resources of medieval urban society went into
The construction of castles and churches reflecting its basic preoccupations, warfare, and god

The dominant style of church architecture in the 11th and 12th centuries was
romanesque

Gothic cathedrals seem to soar upward as light and airy contractions due to all of the following innovations except
ribbed vaults

The gothic style of architecture emerged and was perfected in
france

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