The conflict of World War II against the Nazi Germany brought the Allied Nations, United States of America, England and the Soviet Union together to fight side by side. During the period of 1945 and 1959 these “Superpowers” were constantly trying to undermine each other. This alliance soon took its course to break down after bitter hatred against one another with the threat of thermal Nuclear War. The friendship that these countries once had led to rivalry whereby both sides tried to out do each other by any means possible.
These countries stored weapons, and at the same time they were both in the process of developing atomic bombs with the technology they had. The end of World War II only marked the beginning of another war but this time it was even more severe, and these countries took it to extreme measures where mankind was at stake. The U. S and The Soviet Union provoked each other by making one another look underhanded, they did this by using propaganda, and any other such means to intermediate the other side, but the never came to blows, this was known as the cold war.
Following the Yalta conference between Britain, America and the USSR on the fate of Germany, the leaders of both Britain and America had changed by the Potsdam conference later in 1945. The purpose of this conference was the implementation of decisions reached previously at the Yalta conference. Unfortunately President Roosevelt died one week before the European war was over; President Harry S. Truman continued Roosevelt’s position as president and represented the U. S. Prime Minister Winston Churchill represented Britain.
Later Clement Attlee continued Winston Churchill’s position as Prime Minster. The Postdam agreement contained the decisions reached by the participants. The relationship between these two “Super Powers” during the war in Europe was certainly very good. These two sides fought side by side trying to defeat Nazism in Europe. President Roosevelt did not mind Stalin nor, did Stalin mind, even though they had different ways of thinking, and their political views were certainly the opposite to each other.
Truman felt threatened by communism/Russia, he decided to sign the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). This was the alliance of military reinforcement through most Western European countries. A military alliance was a treaty that was only signed by the participant that felt they were under a threatening situation such as the corrupt Nazism in Germany. The signing of NATO was great threat to Russia as the alliance of countries could easily persuade Russia to do its bidding. Russia felt as they were in a vulnerable position. In 1955 they created the Warsaw Pact.
This was the response to NATO under the rule of Stalin. It included all the Eastern European countries, which prevented the Western countries having authority over military power over Russia. As communism was a law that suggested sharing, Stalin dominated the Warsaw Pact, but this ways of “dealing” with people prevented any disagreements and it portrayed a false image of fairness. It gave military strength on both sides now: in other words the military was neutral now that Russia had formed the Warsaw Pact. In 1953 Stalin past away and his successor was Nikita Khrushchev.
He was a man that was respected for his charisma, charm and most of all people like his idea that many accepted, “co-existence”. This idea was whereby people in society should try and communicate with each other so that there would be peace. Instead of war he advised competitions. This brought countries form all around the world to compete in sporting events. The Olympics, this was where professionalism of sports was born. Instead of violence they could show how much potential they have, also at the same time shame the other country.
Little did they know their relationship slowly began to deteriorate. After the war the three nations U. S. A, England and Russia had to decide what to do with Germany. As both armies had reached Berlin, they needed to decide who owns which parts of Germany. Originally Russia had taken over half of Germany, but at the same time they had to divide the land with their allies who owned the Western Part of Berlin. This caused friction between the two Super powers as the Allies, England, U. S. A, and France. Russian territory surrounded Western Germany.
Truman stated his opinion and argued Stalin’s law about capitalism in his land led to these two Super powers drifting even further apart. Stalin argued “why wasn’t he allowed to restrict the people when the British are doing the same wit the Greeks”? Therefore in 1948 Stalin ordered that there be a “Berlin Blockade”. He sent out troops to block roads that led to Berlin, he did what ever he could to stop any means of communication between the West and the Americans. This also would have led to starvation. The allies answer to this was the “Berlin Airlift”.
The Americans flew in supplies, (food, clothing, etc) whatever they could to help their people of Western Germany. The Berlin Airlift was a very successful event for the Americans. It was the first major event between the Super powers. This incident shows that these tow sides have already begun to dislike each other. In 1945 and 1959 period has shown undoubtedly a lot of change in political views, also society has changed in many ways and their views about politics. Though the relationship between the Super powers has continued to degrade since 1945 the tension between them is still there.