Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Abel Perkins
Last updated: September 18, 2019
While our country has come a long way in terms of development, there was once a time when only 18% of the population had piped water connection. There were no managed sewers, not to mention wastewater collection and treatment facilities.Rural imbalance: While urban sanitation facilities weren’t a problem, as you can see in the stats here, in 2014, over 10% of the rural population did not have access to adequate sanitation.
There are a multitude of reasons as to why; rural communities are generally smaller, and farther away from the latest studies, policies, and resources. The Korean Journal of Parasitology (2006) reported that in 1971, due to poor water services and absence of handwashing practices, more than 84 percent of fecal samples contained helminth contamination, a parasitic worm whose eggs are infective and can cause severe morbidity, malnutrition, anemia and other immunological changes.Open defecation: Especially common in small villages and communities, open defecation is a result of no access to adequate restrooms. Residents were put at risk of diseases such as diarrhea and parasites.Lack of awareness: Going almost hand-in-hand with rural imbalance, many small communities weren’t aware of the importance of sanitation.
Things like vaccinations, and proper human waste disposal. No matter what groundbreaking new technologies are invented, no progress is made if the country isn’t aware of the issue.How South Korea Solved its Sanitation Challenges:Promote awareness: The government of South Korea has recently turned its attention to improving its environment and living conditions, especially with the upcoming 2018 Winter Olympic Games.
Many new laws and policies were adopted to promote and maintain strict sanitation standards. Professionals and volunteers alike were assigned to small communities and villages, to encourage vaccinations and personal hygiene. Modernizing restrooms: Our goal is to end open defecation. By building new public restrooms, particularly in rural areas; and equipping them with toilets available to everyone: including women and the disabled.
Along with soap, and hand washing stands for children. Another problem we had were that some older buildings’ water pipes cannot handle flushing toilet paper, which we are in the process of fixing.