WHS AP US History CH 12

Topic: ArtCinema Art
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Last updated: April 25, 2019
Reform movements emerged in America in the mid-nineteenth century in part because of a A. pessimistic assumption in the natural weakness of individuals. B.

desire for social stability and discipline in the face of change. C. belief that society needed to break free from its old traditions. D. fear that civil war was going to engulf the nation. E. declining importance placed on religious piety.

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B. desire for social stability and discipline in the face of change

In the mid-nineteenth century, the general European attitude toward American art and literature A. was one of growing respect and admiration. B.

was that American artists had little to offer Europe. C. included praise for American artists for defining a new set of national virtues. D. included criticism of American artists for ignoring romanticism. E. was that it had been hopelessly corrupted by the ideology of unfettered capitalism.

B. was that American artists had little to offer Europe.

One of the most enduring of the pre-Civil War utopian colonies was A.

Oneida. B. New Harmony. C. Brook Farm. D. Walden.

E. Nauvoo.

A.

Oneida.

In the 1830s and 1840s, cholera epidemics in the United States A. were transmitted to humans by fleas living on rats. B. led many cities to build water treatment facilities. C. were diminished as physicians gained a basic understanding of bacteria.

D. typically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease. E. None of these answers is correct.

D. typically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease

During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was A. the absence of regulations in the medical profession. B.

the absence of basic knowledge about disease. C. the low social status of medical professionals.

D. the difficulty in medical experimentation. E. the apathy of the general population towards preventative health.

B.

the absence of basic knowledge about disease.

Prior to 1860, public education in the United States A. did not exist. B. gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world. C. was legally denied for all non-whites.

D. was funded by the federal government. E.

emphasized independence and creativity.

B. gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world.

The Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the criminally ill was A. Susan B. Anthony. B.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton. C. Lucretia Mott. D. Angelina Grimke. E. Dorothea Dix.

E. Dorothea Dix.

The nineteenth-century practice of placing American Indians on reservations was partially designed to A. isolate and protect Indians from white society. B. help “regenerate” the Indian. C. allow Indians to develop to a point where they could assimilate into white society.

D. All these answers are correct. E. None of these answers is correct.

D. All these answers are correct.

1848 Seneca Falls, New York convention on women’s rights A. issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence.

B. asserted that women should have a place in society distinctly different from men. C. refused to allow men to attend. D. called on the government to treat both genders and all races with equality. E.

shied away from demanding female suffrage as too radical.

A. issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence.

Which of the following nineteenth-century leaders is primarily known for her pioneering work in the American feminist movement? A. “Mother” Ann Lee B.

Harriet Tubman C. Sojourner Truth D. Rachel Eaton E. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

E. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States to A. the Caribbean. B.

Liberia. C. Angola. D.

England. E. Canada.

B. Liberia.

Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to be A. deeply antagonistic to William Lloyd Garrison. B.

indifferent to slavery in the South. C. anxious to leave the United States. D.

in favor of the “back to Africa” movements. E. strongly opposed to Southern slavery.

E. strongly opposed to Southern slavery.

Frederick Douglass A. was born free but was sold into slavery as a youth. B.

wrote for William Lloyd Garrison’s abolitionist newspaper. C. spent years lecturing in England against slavery.

D. was an ordained minister. E. argued that blacks wanted only an end to slavery, and not full social equality.

C. spent years lecturing in England against slavery.

One leading abolitionist who was murdered for his activism was A. William Lloyd Garrison. B. Frederick Douglass. C.

Sojourner Truth. D. Benjamin Lundy.

E. Elijah Lovejoy.

E. Elijah Lovejoy.

In the 1840s, William Lloyd Garrison spoke against A. equality for women.

B. defensive wars. C. ending the asylum system.

D. Northern disunion from the South. E.

extreme pacifism.

B. defensive wars.

Prior to the Civil War, the Liberty Party A. supported the rights of slaveowners.

B. opposed the admission of California into the union in 1850. C. promoted “free soil.” D.

focused on strengthening the fugitive slave laws. E. campaigned for outright abolition.

C.

promoted “free soil.”

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