Why were mayor cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 /1941

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Last updated: November 15, 2019

In September of 1940 a strategic bombing campaign conducted by the German Luftwaffe destroyed many major cities of England and killed many thousands of innocent civilians. During the bombing a total of 18, 000 tons of high explosives were dropped on England over eight months.

A total of 18, 629 men, 16, 201 women and 5, 028 children were blown apart by the barrage of highly explosive bombs. Hitler however did not leave a diary to explain his motives for the bombing so historians try to find a suitable reason for his actions.I believe that there are three main aims, the first was retaliation, and the second was to destroy some of the main war effort buildings, ports, access lines and to hit factories. My third choice for the blitz was to reduce the morale of the British people so they do not want to work in the factories and will put pressure on the government to come to terms with Hitler. My first reason for the blitz on the major cities of England was because of a British retaliation bombing on Berlin.The retaliation by the British was caused by an accidental bombing by the Germans, the bombs fell on the center of London, when they were supposed to drop on the outskirts only. The bombs fell on the night of August 24th, 1940. Due to the bombing many innocent civilians were killed and many houses destroyed.

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The retaliation consisting of around 40 heavy bombers stunned the German people because they had been told repetitively by the Luftwaffe Chief, Hermann Gooring that it could not be done. The three attacks left the Germans with their nerves frayed.The Nazis party was outraged and made Hitler deliver a speech threatening that if the British did it again the Luftwaffe would raze English cities to the ground. Throughout the war Hitler made some very intelligent and incitefull decisions and also some slapdash one’s.

One of these less intelligent decisions that he made was a probable reason for the blitz on British cities. I believe one of his main reasons was to lower the morale of the British people and to pressure the Prime minister and his government into negotiation with him.The bombing resulted in the worst possible way for Hitler, instead of lowering the morale it rose as the British people pulled together to face a common enemy. Thanks to many of Winston Churchill’s speeches the people became determined to hold out indefinitely against the Nazis bombings. One speech by Churchill taken from the Daily Herald on the 16th of November 1940: “In every heart there is not fear, only a most passionate hatred of the enemy, and a determination to carry on at all costs”Another reason for the attack was as an attempt to destroy British industry. In London the main bombings were aimed at the docks that continuously took a heavy battering.

The Luftwaffe often tried to hit railway lines, junctions, power stations and gas containers. To find their targets they followed the line of the Thames and then dropped their heavy explosives on the West End. The real impact of the drawn out bombing was felt by the working class people by the factories or in the centres of the major cities.I believe that Hitler’s main scheme and motive for the brutal bombing was to break the morale of the British people, by destroying the countries backbone, Hitler intended to force an agreement between the UK and Germany. This unity between two of the major powers in the world was one of Hitler’s needs if he intended to win the war.

Without this partnership Hitler’s plan to over take a main part of the globe was doomed before it even started.

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