WIHS -English 1- Poetry Vocabulary Terms

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
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Last updated: December 15, 2019
poetry
one of the three major types of literature. Uses concise, musical, and emotionally charged language along with imagery, figurative language, and sound devices

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in spoken or written language

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

repetition
the use, more that once, of any element of language: a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence

stanza
a group of lines of poetry that are usually similar in length and pattern and are separated by spaces

figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally

metaphor
a figure of speech in which something is described at though it were something else. Works by pointing out a similarity between two unlike things

personification
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

simile
a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas

symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else

sound devices
techniques used by writers to give musical effects to their writing

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

meter
the rhythmical pattern of a poem

narrative poem
a story told in verse

haiku
a three line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables. The second line has seven syllables.

It uses images to create a single, vivid picture – generally about nature

free verse
poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter. Lines of any lengths or with any number of stresses, or beats

lyric poem
a highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feeling of a speaker

ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story, often dealing with adventure and romance

concrete poem
a poem with a shape that suggests its subject

limerick
a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme. Three strong stresses in line 1, 2, and 5 and two strong stresses in line 3 and 4. Rhymes scheme aabba

couplet
two consecutive lines of verse with end rhymes

rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem – Each rhyme is assigned a different letter

theme
a central message, concern, or purpose in a literary work. A generalization, or a general statement, about human beings or about life

speaker
the character who tells the poem – the imaginary voice a poet uses when writing

image
a picture or likeness that is created with words

imagery
words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses

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