Wolken Poetry Terms Study Guide

Topics: LiteraturePoetry

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Last updated: December 3, 2019

alliteration
The repetition of the same beginning sound, usually a consonant, in a phrase or line of poetry. Tongue twisters use alliteration. Example: She sells seashores by the seashore.

analogy
A likeness between two things that are not alike in other ways.

Example: The wings of a bird and the arms of a person.

assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in words so they are close in sound but do rhyme. Example: She feeds the deer.

ballad
A long poem written about a famous person or event

cinquain
A formula poem that has five lines and a total of 22 syllables, distributed in a specific 2-4-6-8-2 pattern.

concrete
A poem in which the words, letters, or shape of the poem matches the topic.

consonance
The close repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowels. Example: flip-flop; feel-fill

diamante
A formula poem that is shaped like a diamond, and the words describe opposite ideas.

haiku
A formula poem that has three lines and a total of 17 syllables, often distributed in a specific 5-7-5 pattern.

imagery
The author’s use of description and words to create pictures in the reader’s mind.

limerick
A humorous formula poem that has five lines, an “aabba” rhyming pattern, and a specific rhythm.

metaphor
The comparison of two things in which one is said to be another. Metaphors do not use the words like or as. Example: The lake was a golden mirror.

meter
The cadence, or beat, of a poem, determined by regular patterns of heavily and lightly stressed syllables.

onomatopoeia
A sound device in which a word makes the sound. Examples: crash, bang.

personification
A device in which human qualities and ideas are given to things. Example: The wind whispered through the trees.

poetry
An expression of ideas or feelings in words. Poetry usually has form, rhythm, and rhyme.

repetition
A sound device in which sounds, words, or phrases are repeated to emphasize a point.

rhyme
Two or more lines that end with rhyming words.

rhyming words
Words that end in the same sounds.

rhythm
The repeated meter, or beat, in a poem.

simile
The comparison of two things that are not really alike by using the words like or as. Example: Her smile was like sunshine.

sonnet
A poem with 14 lines and a specific rhyming and rhythm pattern.

stanza
A group of related lines in a poem.

tanka
A formula poem that has five lines and a total of 31 syllables, distributed in a specific 5-7-5-7-7 pattern.

tone
Choice of words and phrasing to show the author’s attitude or feeling.

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