The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
the repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
unrhymed poetry that has a regular rhythm and line length, especially iambic pentameter
Bob and wheel
a short line of one, two or three syllables followed by four rhymed lines
a pause or break within a line of poetry
a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds
the narrator is a character in the story; uses the pronoun “I”, the narrator tells us his/her own experiences but cannot reveal other characters’ private thoughts.
The use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
story within a story
An event, situation, action, or statement that reveals inconsistency, in which reality and appearance are different
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in “ring-giver” for king and “whale-road” for ocean.
the narrator tells only what one character sees, thinks, hears, and feels
An implicit comparison between two things, or between a character or event and a broader theme, concept, or idea.
recurring structures, contrasts, and literary devices that help develop and inform the text’s major themes
the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperfections in social institutions; with the goal of reform
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work