Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Loren Fox
Last updated: October 1, 2019
Workplace learning improves employee’s skills andflourish their knowledge in order to remain up-to-date employees with therapidly growing technologies, society, and economic power and values (Field,2012; Kyndt & Baert, 2013; Patterson, 2001; Schmidt, 2007). Learning can beinformal or formal as formal learning consist of qualifications and certifiedtraining that is no longer seen today because informal learning is moreimportant tool for employees to learn with their supervisors, peers, even learningby doing on the job or off the job.
Moreover, evidence shows that employeeslearn from each other to get solutions for their day-to-day problems atworkplace (Felstead et al,2005: 368; Hager & Johnsson, 2009: 497). Undoubtedly, Work-related learning occurs whenindividual employee traits and job characteristics match that contributetogether for development of employees himself and for the growth oforganization Doornboset al, 2008: 131; Felstead et al, 2005:360, 363; Fenwick, 2008:228). Research has shown individual’s learning opportunities occurs more whenfit for both person-job-fit and person-organization-fit (Billett, 2002;Poell etal., 2004). In addition, scholarsare interested to study age effect on work-related outcomes (Truxillo et al.,2012). As one stereotype is that older employees less motivated to learn asmore experienced, having tremendous knowledge by increasing age.
For example,they are perceived to lack energy and less interested in training (Noack &Staudinger,2009). As the age increasing employees are learn through intrinsicmotivation that gives autonomy over his own work rather to learn by financialrewards (extrinsic motivation, e.g.
Ryan & Dec, 2000). In addition, growingage of employee differs significantly in their goals, preferences, aims,expectations and even work values that influence at workplace learning. One of the mostwidely used distinguishes between work values that areextrinsic, or aconsequence of work (e.g. job security, salary) or intrinsic, occurring throughthe process of work (e.g.
intellectual simulation, challenge) (Elizur, 1984).