World Civ ch. 17

Topic: ArtCinema Art
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 2, 2019
Renaissance
a period of European history lasting form about 1300-1600, during which renewed interests in classical culture led to far-reaching changed in art, learning, and views of the world

Humanism
a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements

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secular
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual

patrons
a person who supports artists, especially financially

perspective
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimension on a flat surface

vernacular
the everyday language of people in a region or country

utopia
an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book Utopia

William Shakespeare
the most famous writer of the Elizabethan age

Johann Gutenberg
a craftsman form Mainz, Germany. developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way

indulgence
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin

reformation
a 16th century movement for religious reform leading to the founding of christian churches that rejected the pope’s authority

lutherans
a member of a christian church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther

protestant
a member of a christian church founded on the principles of reformation

Peace of Augsburg
agreement declaring that the religion of each german state would be decided by its ruler

Annul
to cancel or set aside

Anglican
relating to the church of England. Started by Elizabeth I

Predestination
the doctrine that god has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved

Calvinism
a body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin

Theocracy
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure.

A government controlled by religious leaders

Presbyterian
a member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox

Anabaptists
in the reformation a member of a Protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and believed in the separation of church and state

Catholic reformation
a 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation

Jesuits
members of the society of jesus a roman catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola

Council of trent
a meeting of Roman catholic leaders called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers

true
T/F: during the Renaissance patrons of the arts were people who frequented many art festivals

true
T/F: the technique of perspective was used by Renaissance painters to show three dimension on a flat surface

false; Italy
T/F: the Renaissance, a movement that started in Germany and lasted 300 years, brought about a growth of creativity in art, writing, and thought

false; Individual
T/F: the general emphasis of the Renaissance movement was religious

true
T/F: the prince, by Niccolo Machiavelli, stated that people are selfish and corrupt, and that a prince should be feared more than loved

true
T/F: some Renaissance writers wrote in the vernacular, or in the author’s native language

false; humanism focused on literature, philosophy and history
T/F: An intellectual movement called humanism focused on scientific information about the human body

true
T/F: “Renaissance men” were men who mastered many fields of endeavor

as war dragged on many artists left for a safer life in Northern Europe bringing with them styles and techniques
How did the styles and techniques of the Italian Renaissance spread North?

focus was the reform of society to live a christian life
What did the Christian humanism movement focus on

Elizabethan age because it was names after queen elizabeth I
What was the Renaissance movement called in England and why

changes in art and society
what were some of the changes brought about by the Renaissance period

Christine de Pizan
one of the first women writers to speak out against the different treatment of boys and girls

protestant
christians who were members of non-catholic churches were considered ____

heretic
luther was declared a ______, or a person who holds the beliefs that differ from official Church teachings

1300-1600
when did the renaissance occur in europe

the culture of classical Greece and rome
what did the educated men and women of Italy hope to bring back?

innovative styles of art and literature. new values such as the importance of an individual
what did the people of the Renaissance create that was new

thriving cities, a wealthy merchant class, and the classical heritage of Greece and Rome
what three advantages did Italy have that made it the birthplace of the Renaissance

overseas trade. cities are often places where people exchange ideas, breeding ground for an intellectual revolution
what led to the growth of large city-states in northern Italy? why was this area a likely place for an “intellectual revolution”

killed up to 60 percent of the population, economic changes developed. merchants began to pursue other interests such as art
how did the bubonic plague influence the development of the renaissance

a powerful banking family.

a very important merchant family in Italy

who were the medici

wealthiest European of his time, won control of Florence’s government, had lots of powerful
identify Cosimo de medici

ruled as a dictator, grandson of Cosimo. involved in art, generous patron of the art
identify Lorenzo de Medici

drew inspiration from the ruins of Rome. western scholars studied ancient latin manunscripture
how did renaissance scholars return to the learning of the greeks and Romans

history, literature, philosophy
what are the humanitites

wrote a book called the courtier that taught how to be a courtier
who was Baldassarre Castiglione

a man who excelled in many fields.
describe a renaissance man

upperclass woman, not expected to seek fame. better educated
describe a renaissance woman

brought many renaissance artists to her court and built a famous art collection. skilled in politics
who was Isabella d’Este

mantua
what city state was Isabella d’Este ruler of

ferrera
what city state was Isabella d’Este born into

religious subjects
medieval artists painted ____ to show spiritual idelas

realistic
what style did renaissance artists use to portray people

Michelangelo Buonarroti
who used realistic style when depicting the body

corpses
what did Michelangelo Buonarroti study to understand the human body

Michelangelo Buonarroti
who was considered the greatest living artist of his time

Leonardo da VInci
who was a painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist

Leonardo da Vinci
who was considered the most diversely talented person who ever lived

Raphael Sanzio
who learned from studying the work of Michelangelo Buonarroti and Leonardo da Vinci

Madonna and Child
what was one of Raphael Sanzio’s favorite subjects

Sofonisba Anguissola
who was the first woman artist to gain an international reputation

portraits of her sisters and prominent people
what people did Sofonisba Anguissola paint in her portraits

Artemisia Gentileschi
who painted strong heroic women

Francesco Petrarch
who was the father of renaissance humanism

14 line poems
what is a sonnet

Boccaccio
who wrote the Decameron, a seres of realistic stories told by a group for young people waiting in a rural village to avoid the people in florence

Viittoria Colonna
what woman wrote poems that expressed personal emotions

now part of france and the netherlands, became rich from long distance trade and cloth industry
where was flanders and how did it become rich

Albrecht Durer
who produced woodcuts and engravings many of his prints portray religious subjects.

Hans Holbein the younger
who specialized in painting portraits that are almost photographic in detail. immigrated to England where he painted portraits of members of the royal family

Jan van Eyck
who used recently developed oil based paints to develop techniques. his paintings display unusually realistic details and reveal the personality of the subjects

Pieter Bruegel the Elder
who was focused on the detail in individual people and was good at painting large numbers of people

poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
describe the work the praise of folly

Bi Sheng
who invented the block printing and movable type

Martin Luther
who wrote a list of 95 things they didn’t like about the church and nailed it to the door

German
what language did Luther translate the bible into

Catherine of Aragon
who was Henry VII first wife

Ann Boleyn
who was Henry VIII second wife

Jane Seymour
who was Henry VII third wife

divorced beheaded died divorced beheaded survived
what is a way to remember how all of Henry VII wives ended up

Institutes of Christian Religion
what did john calvin write

said men and women were sinful by nature
what did the Institiues of Christian Religion say

Pope Paul III
who called the council of trent

Renaissance
a period of European history lasting form about 1300-1600, during which renewed interests in classical culture led to far-reaching changed in art, learning, and views of the world

Humanism
a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements

secular
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual

patrons
a person who supports artists, especially financially

perspective
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimension on a flat surface

vernacular
the everyday language of people in a region or country

utopia
an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book Utopia

William Shakespeare
the most famous writer of the Elizabethan age

Johann Gutenberg
a craftsman form Mainz, Germany. developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way

indulgence
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin

reformation
a 16th century movement for religious reform leading to the founding of christian churches that rejected the pope’s authority

lutherans
a member of a christian church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther

protestant
a member of a christian church founded on the principles of reformation

Peace of Augsburg
agreement declaring that the religion of each german state would be decided by its ruler

Annul
to cancel or set aside

Anglican
relating to the church of England. Started by Elizabeth I

Predestination
the doctrine that god has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved

Calvinism
a body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin

Theocracy
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure. A government controlled by religious leaders

Presbyterian
a member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox

Anabaptists
in the reformation a member of a Protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and believed in the separation of church and state

Catholic reformation
a 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation

Jesuits
members of the society of jesus a roman catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola

Council of trent
a meeting of Roman catholic leaders called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers

true
T/F: during the Renaissance patrons of the arts were people who frequented many art festivals

true
T/F: the technique of perspective was used by Renaissance painters to show three dimension on a flat surface

false; Italy
T/F: the Renaissance, a movement that started in Germany and lasted 300 years, brought about a growth of creativity in art, writing, and thought

false; Individual
T/F: the general emphasis of the Renaissance movement was religious

true
T/F: the prince, by Niccolo Machiavelli, stated that people are selfish and corrupt, and that a prince should be feared more than loved

true
T/F: some Renaissance writers wrote in the vernacular, or in the author’s native language

false; humanism focused on literature, philosophy and history
T/F: An intellectual movement called humanism focused on scientific information about the human body

true
T/F: “Renaissance men” were men who mastered many fields of endeavor

as war dragged on many artists left for a safer life in Northern Europe bringing with them styles and techniques
How did the styles and techniques of the Italian Renaissance spread North?

focus was the reform of society to live a christian life
What did the Christian humanism movement focus on

Elizabethan age because it was names after queen elizabeth I
What was the Renaissance movement called in England and why

changes in art and society
what were some of the changes brought about by the Renaissance period

Christine de Pizan
one of the first women writers to speak out against the different treatment of boys and girls

protestant
christians who were members of non-catholic churches were considered ____

heretic
luther was declared a ______, or a person who holds the beliefs that differ from official Church teachings

1300-1600
when did the renaissance occur in europe

the culture of classical Greece and rome
what did the educated men and women of Italy hope to bring back?

innovative styles of art and literature.

new values such as the importance of an individual

what did the people of the Renaissance create that was new

thriving cities, a wealthy merchant class, and the classical heritage of Greece and Rome
what three advantages did Italy have that made it the birthplace of the Renaissance

overseas trade. cities are often places where people exchange ideas, breeding ground for an intellectual revolution
what led to the growth of large city-states in northern Italy? why was this area a likely place for an “intellectual revolution”

killed up to 60 percent of the population, economic changes developed. merchants began to pursue other interests such as art
how did the bubonic plague influence the development of the renaissance

a powerful banking family. a very important merchant family in Italy
who were the medici

wealthiest European of his time, won control of Florence’s government, had lots of powerful
identify Cosimo de medici

ruled as a dictator, grandson of Cosimo.

involved in art, generous patron of the art

identify Lorenzo de Medici

drew inspiration from the ruins of Rome. western scholars studied ancient latin manunscripture
how did renaissance scholars return to the learning of the greeks and Romans

history, literature, philosophy
what are the humanitites

wrote a book called the courtier that taught how to be a courtier
who was Baldassarre Castiglione

a man who excelled in many fields.
describe a renaissance man

upperclass woman, not expected to seek fame. better educated
describe a renaissance woman

brought many renaissance artists to her court and built a famous art collection. skilled in politics
who was Isabella d’Este

mantua
what city state was Isabella d’Este ruler of

ferrera
what city state was Isabella d’Este born into

religious subjects
medieval artists painted ____ to show spiritual idelas

realistic
what style did renaissance artists use to portray people

Michelangelo Buonarroti
who used realistic style when depicting the body

corpses
what did Michelangelo Buonarroti study to understand the human body

Michelangelo Buonarroti
who was considered the greatest living artist of his time

Leonardo da VInci
who was a painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist

Leonardo da Vinci
who was considered the most diversely talented person who ever lived

Raphael Sanzio
who learned from studying the work of Michelangelo Buonarroti and Leonardo da Vinci

Madonna and Child
what was one of Raphael Sanzio’s favorite subjects

Sofonisba Anguissola
who was the first woman artist to gain an international reputation

portraits of her sisters and prominent people
what people did Sofonisba Anguissola paint in her portraits

Artemisia Gentileschi
who painted strong heroic women

Francesco Petrarch
who was the father of renaissance humanism

14 line poems
what is a sonnet

Boccaccio
who wrote the Decameron, a seres of realistic stories told by a group for young people waiting in a rural village to avoid the people in florence

Viittoria Colonna
what woman wrote poems that expressed personal emotions

now part of france and the netherlands, became rich from long distance trade and cloth industry
where was flanders and how did it become rich

Albrecht Durer
who produced woodcuts and engravings many of his prints portray religious subjects.

Hans Holbein the younger
who specialized in painting portraits that are almost photographic in detail. immigrated to England where he painted portraits of members of the royal family

Jan van Eyck
who used recently developed oil based paints to develop techniques.

his paintings display unusually realistic details and reveal the personality of the subjects

Pieter Bruegel the Elder
who was focused on the detail in individual people and was good at painting large numbers of people

poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
describe the work the praise of folly

Bi Sheng
who invented the block printing and movable type

Martin Luther
who wrote a list of 95 things they didn’t like about the church and nailed it to the door

German
what language did Luther translate the bible into

Catherine of Aragon
who was Henry VII first wife

Ann Boleyn
who was Henry VIII second wife

Jane Seymour
who was Henry VII third wife

divorced beheaded died divorced beheaded survived
what is a way to remember how all of Henry VII wives ended up

Institutes of Christian Religion
what did john calvin write

said men and women were sinful by nature
what did the Institiues of Christian Religion say

Pope Paul III
who called the council of trent

Edward VI
who became king after Henry VIII died

henrys son, age 9
who was Edward VI and at what age did he become king

6 years
how long did Edward rule for

Mary I
after Edward who became ruler

tried to return England to the catholic church and had many protestants executed
what did elizabeth do for England’s religious state

5 years
how long was Mary I in charge

theocracy
calvin believed the ideal government was what?

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