Which statement best describes national economies after World War I?
Almost all major economies were bankrupt
By the end of World War I, what political tradition had essentially ended in Europe?
Rule by the old empires
Which generalization is true of political life in postwar Europe?
Changing forms of government created a sense of insecurity
One way fascist leaders in the 1920’s and 1930’s gained popular support was by what?
Appealing national pride
Fascism arose in Italy primarily as a result of what?
Severe economic problems, fear of communism take over, and division created by agricultural and industrial strikes
After World War I, a widespread sense of purposelessness was best reflected in the art form called?
Authors Ernest Hemingway and F.
Scott Fitzgerald are identified with what?
The lost gerneration
After World War I, many artist, architects, writers, and musicians rejected what?
The “lost generation” of writers who gathered in Paris were considered “lost” because of what?
The war had left them with a sense of meaningless
What common post-World War I literary theme is characterized by Paul in the quotation from “All Quite on the Western Front?”
The horrors of war destroyed the young soldiers’ trust in their elders
What did Karl Marx and Friedrich Engris believe would be the result when communism finally emerged as the dominant political and economic system?
All the evils of industrial society would disappear
Which slogan expressed the ideals if the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917?
Land, Peace, and Bread
The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 was a major turning pint in history because what?
Russia became the first nation with a communist economic system
Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in 1917 primarily because the Bolsheviks pledged to what?
Redistribute land and make peace
Which situation is characteristic of a totalitarian society?
The freedoms of speech, press, and religion are denied
What were forced labor camps called in the Soviet Union?
How did Joseph Stalin rise to power in the Soviet Union?
He took leadership of the Communist Party by controlling promotions and having his rival exiled
Under Joseph Stalin, life in the Soviet Union was characterized by what?
The use of censorship and the secret police
One similarity between Russia under the czars and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin is that in both types of government these leaders did what?
Established an authoritarian form of government
Which statement best describes how a command economy functioned in the Soviet Union?
A central authority determined the type and quantity of goods to be produced
What was the major goal of Joseph Stalin’s five year plans in the Soviet Union?
Encouraging rapid industrialization
Who ordered the Terror Famine in the Ukraine?
How did Joseph Stalin accomplish the collectivization of agriculture in the Soviet Union?
By ordering the deaths of millions of resistant peasant farmers
An economic accomplishment of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin was what?
Increasing production of heavy industrial machinery
During the mid 1930’s, which characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and Communist Russia?
One-party system that denied basic human rights
Fascism in Europe during the 1920’s and 1930’s is best described as what?
Form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
Which practice was similar under the rule of the Bolsheviks in Russia and the of the Nazi Party in Germany?
Limiting government opposition through intimidation and fear
Both Italian Fascists and German Nazis gained power partly because they what?
Used terror tactics against political opponents
Which of the following does not describe Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy, and Stalin’s Russia?
Marxist principles governed all economic activity
The major impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany was that the treaty led to what?
An increase in Germany’s desire to regain its power and prestige
What was one reason the Nazi programs and policies of the early 1930’s appealed to many people in Germany?
The people were frustrated with their current economic and political situation
The imperialist policies followed by Japan after World War I were based on a desire to what?
Obtain natural resources for manufacturing
What was the strategic result of Germany’s decision to invade the Soviet Union during World War II?
It had to send huge numbers of troops east, which left it vulnerable in the west
What had Hitler and Stalin secretly agreed to in the nonaggression pact (Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939)?
To divide up Poland
Which statement best explains why many Germans became discontented with the Weimar Republic in the early 1930’s?
Germany was experienced widespread unemployment and other economic problems
Which factor contributed most to the rise of totalitarian government in Europe before World War II?
Worsening economic conditions
In Europe during the 1930’s, several national leaders, in order to preserve peace at any cost, agreed to the demands of an aggressor. This policy is referred to as what?
Which World War II era leader repeatedly made demands in exchange for peace, and then attacked after his demands were met?
Which American attitude at the beginning of World War II delayed the country’s entry into the war?
Reluctance to intervene in foreign events
What foreign policy did the US follow before WWII?
Which country marked on the map was an Axis power during World War II?
How did the US entrance into World War II affect the Allied powers strategically?
It helped them by forcing the European Axis powers to fight a two-front war
What brought Great Britain and France into World War II?
Invasion of Poland by Germany
Why did the US enter WWII?
The bombing of Pearl Harbor
What was D-day?
The day the Allies began their invasion of Europe
What two cities were the atomic bombs dropped on?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Since the end of World War II, military rearmament in Japan has been limited by what?
Specific restrictions in Japan’s constitution
Who was the Prime Minister of Britain during WWII?
Who was the President of the US during the Great Depression and WWII?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Which event caused Emperor Hirohito to announce that he was “only human after all?”
Defeat of the Japanese in World War II
Which type of political system did V.I.Lenin, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini establish in their countries?
What was one of Dwight Eisenhower’s roles during the Second World War?
He led the US forces in the invasion of Normandy D-Day
Who was the commander of the Allied land force in the Pacific during WWII?
Which statement reflects the different actions Lenin and Hitler were justifying in these excerpts?
Lenin called on the workers to organize; Hitler supported the oppression of the Jews
Which is one major reason the Holocaust is considered a unique event in modern European history?
The genocide was planned in great detain and required the cooperation of many people
What was the attack on German Jews by Nazi mobs on November 9, 1938 called?
What happened at the Nuremberg Trials?
Nazi leaders were put on trial and hanged
What was the Final Solution?
Genocide of the Jews
How many Jews died in the death camps?
According to these statistics, which country in World War II experienced the most fighting on it soil?
Which country suffered the highest number of civilian casualties?
Which of the following conclusions is accurately drawn form the statistic chart above?
The losses of the USSR were greater than the combined losses of all the other nations
It is estimated that millions of lives were saved during World War II because of the discovery of what?