World History Midterm Study Guide

Topic: CultureSubculture
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Last updated: April 24, 2019
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Hieroglyphs: used sacred characters as picture signs.

• Question 2 During the reign of Akhenaten, foreign affairs were ignored and Syria and Palestine were lost. • Question 3 Cyrus the Great .created a great Persian Empire. • Question 4 Ancient Mesopotamian society developed an extensive irrigation system.

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• Question 5 Ancient Egyptians saw which of the following as a symbol of resurrection? Re • Question 6 The Epic of Gilgamesh was an epic poem from Mesopotamia dealing with the search for immortality. • Question 7 In addition to the covenant and the law, the other aspect of the Jewish religious tradition is the: prophets.• Question 8 In contrast to the Old Kingdom, the role of the pharaoh in the Middle Kingdom was that of a shepherd, a provider of public projects and assistance. • Question 9 Many historians believe that the early books of the Hebrew Bible were written long after the events written about.• Question 10 Mummification was to help ensure that one could continue to live despite the death of the physical body. • Question 11 The pyramids were built during the: Old Kingdom. • Question 12 The pharaohs took the title of the “Son of: Re.” • Question 13 The earliest hominids lived in Africa.

• Question 14 The annual flooding of the Nile River enabled Egyptian civilization to thrive by leaving deposits of fertile silt• Question 15 The ancient people who devised a number system based on 60 were the: Sumerians. • Question 16a significant increase in Egyptian imperialism in the New Kingdom. • Question 17 The Phoenicians invented an alphabet.. • Question 18 The ruler who called himself “the sun of Babylon, the king who made the four quarters of the world subservient” to him was: Hammurabi • Question 19 The sacred book of Zoroastrianism was:the Zend Avesta. • Question 20 The use of fire may have begun about 500,000 years ago.Question 1 Ancient Indian scientific activities included the development of the idea that the earth was a sphere.

Question 2 For the ordinary Indian, the sensuous paradise that adorned ancient Indian religious art represented salvation and fulfillment.Question 3 The Indian priestly caste was known as the brahmin. Question 4 The Aryans dominated ancient India after their arrival from the north.Question 5 The Mahabharata contains Krishna’s sermon in which he advocates the value of success or failure as the paramount objective in all activities.Question 6 It can be said of gender relations among ancient Indians that men often dominated women.Question 7 In Buddhism, nirvana is envisioned as: the blowing out of a candle.

Question 8 The Indian term dharma referred to laws setting behavioral standards for which groups in Indian society? all inhabitants of India, of all classesQuestion 9 The Indian term that refers to the impact of one’s actions in life on a later life after reincarnation is karma.Question 10 The Indian warrior caste was known as the kshatriya. Question 11 The caste system was applicable to every member of Indian society.Question 12 The belief that pain, poverty, and sorrow are caused by one’s attachment to the things of this world is a central concept in: Buddhism. Question 13 The concept of the “Middle Path” is associated with: Buddhism.

Question 14 The first dynasty to control much of India was the: Mauryans Question 15 The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama. Question 16 The greatest ruler in India’s history is considered to be: Ashoka. Question 17 The members of the caste known as the untouchables, or pariahs, were given jobs such as handling dead bodies or collecting trash.Question 18 Which of the following is not part of the Eightfold Path? Right deathQuestion 19 Which invention allowed the Aryans to abandon their earlier pastoral life for agriculture? The iron plow Question 20 The ultimate goal of Hindus is to attain eternal life by exchanging one’s karma for Atman.

Question 1 Ancient Chinese villages were organized on the basis of clans. Question 2 Ancient Chinese literature served the purposes of inculcating morality and political instruction. Question 3 Ancient Chinese civilization originated in the valleys of the Yellow and Yangtze rivers.

Question 4 A core belief in the need to force people to behave properly through the use of restrictive regulations was the foundation of the philosophy of Legalism. Question 5 According to the Zhou concept of the Mandate of Heaven the king was expected to rule in a compassionate and effective manner because he was selected by the gods to rule in order to maintain the order of the universe. Question 6 Dao means: Way. Question 7 During the Shang dynasty, the Chinese achieved renown for their bronze casting achievements.Question 8 During the Zhou dynasty, China large-scale water control programs were undertaken to regulate the flow of rivers and distribute water to the fields.

Question 9 For Confucius, the main thing to concentrate on was the nature of the real aspects of daily living.Question 10 In early China, it was believed that the universe was divided between two primary forces,the sun as the yang and the moon as the yin. Question 11 Most of the currently standing Great Wall of China, and which is the most photographed, was built during the Ming dynasty.Question 12 Supposedly China’s first dynasty was the: Xia.

Question 13 The idea of the Mandate of Heaven was introduced by the Zhou dynasty and it served to legitimize its power. Question 14 The earliest Chinese writing survives on stone carvings.Question 15 The conversations between Confucius and his disciples are found in the Analects. Question 16 The Shang dynasty equipped its army with two-horse chariots. Question 17 The legendary “three sovereigns” of prehistoric China were Fu Xi, Shen Nong, and Huang Di. Question 18 The lengthiest dynasty in Chinese history was the Zhou. Question 19 The major nomadic threat to the Qin came from the Selected Answer: Xiongnu. Question 20 The supposedly “golden age” of China is associated with the dynasty of the early: Zhou.

Question 1 Alexander the Great believed or accomplished all except restoring freedom to Greece. Question 2 All of the following were true about the Spartan assembly except that it was elected by the gerousia and the military commanders.Question 3 Archimedes worked on the geometry of cylinders and spheres and the value of piQuestion 4 Greek philosophy was distinguished by the ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Question 5 Socrates employed a question-and-answer method by which students’ reasoning to help them to learn. Question 6 Plato believed that the best form of government was: rule by philosophers.

Question 7 Mycenaean civilization was characterized by a militaristic program of conquest, even of Crete.Question 8 Most historians believe that Minoan civilization collapsed because of: invasion of Crete by mainland Greeks. Question 9 Macedonia’s Philip II gained control of Greece by his victory in 338 B.C.E. at the Battle of Chaeronea.

Question 10 In ancient Greece, tyrants served in a transitional role from oligarchy to democracy for many city-states.Question 11 Homer’s legacy to the Greeks was important in inculcating the aristocratic values of courage and honor.Question 12 Greek religion was characterized by polytheism, rituals, sacrifice, and festivals. Question 13 Spartan society was organized as a military state.Question 14 The Athenian leader whose Funeral Oration lauded Athenian democracy was Pericles. Question 15 The Greek historian who wrote the History of the Persian Wars was Herodotus.

Question 16 The Greek writer of Lysistrata, and who used the withholding of sex as an antiwar measure, was: Aristophanes.Question 17 The Olympic games were held to honor Zeus. Question 18 Thucydides believed that historical writing should be objective, accurate, and factual. Question 19 The term polis describes a community of citizens in which political, economic, social, cultural and religious activities were performed.Question 20 The myth of Persian invincibility was broken at Marathon. Question 1 All of the following are correct about early Christianity except: it spread very rapidly throughout the Roman Empire.Question 2 During the centuries of Roman history, from Republic to Empire, the paterfamilias’ authority decreased.

Question 3 Roman slaves staged a number of massive rebellions, the largest led by Spartacus in 71 B.C.E.Question 4 Roman antagonism toward Christianity was deepened by Christian rejection of Roman religious practices. Question 5 Members of the aristocratic governing class in Rome were known as the patricians. Question 6 Julius Caesar was assassinated by leading senators convinced his death would restore the republic.Question 7 In the Second Punic War: Hannibal invaded Italy.

Question 8 In addition to the inventing of the rudder and fore-and-aft rigging, another significant Chinese invention of the Han era was

Question 9 In addition to the construction of massive buildings, the Romans also built aqueducts. Question 10 Signs of Roman decline were manifested by a series Germanic barbarian invasions.Question 11 The First Punic War was waged between Carthage and Rome over control of the island of Sicily.Question 12 The Han dynasty greatly increased Chinese territorial control to the south and west.Question 13 The Punic Wars were fought between Rome and: Carthage.

Question 14 The Roman Empire was at its height, under the rule of the “good emperors”, in the ________. second century C.E.Question 15 The Roman Senate had 300 members who were chosen for life.

Question 16 The Third Punic War resulted in Carthage being destroyed and its territory becoming a Roman province. Question 17 The basic message of Jesus of Nazareth was that people should love God and each other.Question 18 The first Christian Emperor of the Roman Empire was Constantine.

Question 19 The founder of the Han dynasty was Liu Bang.Question 20 The plebeians were less privileged and often poorer than the patricians.Question 1 Currently available evidence has shown the first humans in the Americas arrived at least 15,000 years ago.Question 2 By 2500 B.C.E. urban settlements had appeared in the coastal regions and river valleys of: Peru and Ecuador.

Question 3 Teotihuacan was located in: the Valley of Mexico. Question 4 Most of the Aztec population belonged to large kinship groups called calpulli. Question 5 Mayan civilization declined in the eighth or ninth centuries C.E.Question 6 Inka civilization arose from the area around: Cuzco.Question 7 In which areas were the Mayan and Aztec civilizations similar? They both practiced human sacrifice.Question 8 In the aftermath of Columbus and voyages of encounter, Europeans believed the first humans in the Americas might have been Phoenician seafarers from Carthage.Question 9 The Aztec capital was Tenochtitlán.

Question 10 The Olmec peoples developed a system of hieroglyphics.Question 11 The archeological evidence of the presence of ball courts in Amerindian civilization centers is an indication that these societies probably had contacts with Mesoamerican civilizations. Question 12 The decline of the Maya include all of the following possibilities except: gunpowder weapons.Question 13 The cultivation of maize in Mesoamerica goes back no further than 1000 B.C.E. FalseQuestion 14 The civilizations that developed in the New World developed in ways that were quite similar to those of many other places in the world.

Question 15 The civilization that emerged during the first millennium C.E. in northern Peru was the: Moche.

Question 16 Which of the following gods retained a higher level of cognizance in the Aztec psyche than most of their other gods, due primarily to its tenth-century departure from the Valley of Mexico and promised future victorious return? Quetzalcoatl Question 17 The two commodities that enabled the Maya to develop trade relations with other civilizations in its region were obsidian and cacao trees.Question 18 The sacred ball court had life or death implications for those who played upon it.Question 19 The reason for the decline of Mayan civilization was probably the result of multiple causes. Question 20 The massive Aztec stone carving in the form of a disc portraying the struggle between the forces of good and evil in the universe is the Stone of the Fifth Sun.

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