World Literature 2

Topics: Life

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Last updated: May 5, 2019

The Bhagavad-Gita
Sanskrit, 1st Century A.D.

Sanjaya
knows the words and hears the thoughts of every character in the story

Duryodhana
seeks to take the throne from his cousin, chooses the help of Krishna’s army instead of Krishna

Dhritarashtra
unable to take the throne because he was blind

Dharma
duty, truth, what one owes the universe

Karma
to be intent on action and not on the fruit of your action

Yoga
the practice of discipline

The Tale of Genji
Murasaki Shikibu, 1014

Aoi
Genji’s first wife, given to him when he was twelve

Fujitsubo
Genji’s young lover, taken as a consort by the Emperor

Kiritsubo
Genji’s mother and the Emperor’s true love

Kokiden
Genji’s stepmother who fears his power

Monkey
Wu Ch’ eng-en, Chinese, 1580

Buddha
the Enlightened one, source of Buddhism, trapped Monkey inside the mountain

Tripitaka
priest in the Emperor’s temple, set out on his journey to the West

The Jade Emperor
the King of Heaven, whose court was completely upset by Monkey, gives Monkey his outrageous title

Kuan-yin
has achieved enlightenment but chooses to stay on earth to help the pilgrims on their journey

Popol-Vuh
Sacred Book of the Mayans, Quiche-Mayan, 1550s

Heart of Sky
god of smoke, flame, clouds and lightning

One/Seven Hunahpu
Hero twins who have first adventures on earth

Sovereign Plumed Serpent
great creator of the universe

Candide
Voltaire, French, 1759

Cacambo
serves as Candide’s friend and valet

Cunegonde
women with whom Candide is in love with, tossed around from place to place

Pangloss
philosophy tutor of Candide, believes that everything happens for the best

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