The main purpose of a piece of writing.
Personal writing, in which the writer chooses the subject and form.
Public writing, usually about something apart from the writer.
Writing that tells a story, fiction or nonfiction.
Language or writing that uses descriptive details to capture a subject.
Writing that attempts to convince someone to act or think in a certain way.
Writing to inform: problems and solutions; comparisons contrasts; or instructions.
Response to Literature
Writing that provides an analysis and opinion of a published work.
Expository writing that presents and interprets information gathered through extensive study.
Writing that explores the pros and cons of an idea, event, or plan.
Writing done in or for a business setting.
Reflexive Writing (Forms)
Journal Entries, Memoirs, Diaries, Personal Letters
Extensive Writing (Forms)
Essays, Stories, Research Papers, Letters to the Editor
Explore possible topics and choose a topic to focus on.
Put ideas on paper in a rough draft.
Rework the rough draft to improve its form and content.
Editing and Proofreading Stage
Polish your writing, fixing errors in grammar, spelling, and mechanics.
Publishing and Presenting Stage
Share your writing.
Goddesses that provide inspiration for art, drama, music, poetry, and the sciences.
When writers can’t think of any thing to write about at all.
A strategy that combines thinking, speaking, and note taking to gather as many ideas as possible about a given topic.
Group Brainstorming Rules
Encourage people to speak freely and suggest ideas.Avoid judging ideas-do not try to determine whether they are good or practical.Don’t be concerned at about whether or not the ideas are related or to each other.
Individual Brainstorming Rules
Write down every idea that comes to you.Don’t worry about whether the ideas are good or bad.Plan to review your ideas later and pick the one you think is the best.
Write down ideas as quickly as you can, without editing what you wrote.
Ways you can Free-Write
Write a list of ideas or phrases;Write whole sentences; orWrite questions.
A pre-writing process in which you draw a map of a place to help generate topic ideas.
The key point you want to make about a topic.
A pre-writing activity that can help you narrow a topic you have already selected.
Steps for Looping
Step1: Focusing on the word or idea you have selected, free-write for five minutes.Step2: Look at what you wrote, and then circle the word or phrase that seems most important.Step3: Now, look at the new topic you have generated by looping.
A graphic organizer that enables you to pull ideas from a broad, central topic and then explores them.
A chart, table, or diagram that enables someone to organize and display ideas around a central topic.
the breakdown of one topic into multiple parts.
Readers you intend to reach out to.
The specific goal or reason a writer chooses for a writing task.
A form of persuasion that allows people to share their opinions.
Newspapers, journals,on the radio or television, and internet publication sites.
Sensory Word Bin
A pre-writing exercise to help you generate words about a specific topic that appeals to one or more of the five senses.
Helps you gather details about a literary work in order to write a well-balanced, complete analysis.
The sequence of events in a piece of narrative writing.
A connection a writer makes between the literary work and his or her own thoughts or experiences.
A central idea, concern, or purpose in a piece of writing.
The study of a literary work by examining its elements and their relations.
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, or work of art.
An opinion about the worth of a literary work.
Summarize or paraphrase the work.
Personal Allusion (Prompt)
Note places where the written work suggests ideas and experiences in your life.
State the main message in the work.
Provide evidence to support the theme.
Literary Allusion (Prompt)
Refer to other works of literature with a similar theme.
State whether you liked the work and why.
A long narrative poem that usually describes in detail the deeds or adventures of a legendary god or hero.
A brief statement of the main ideas and key supporting details in a piece of writing.
A restatement of an author’s idea, often clarifying the idea’s meaning for readers.